TABLE 1. Annual reported cases of notifiable diseases and ...
Crime in Atlanta, Georgia (GA): murders ... - City-Data.com
Cyber Attacks In 2018: Biggest Cyber Security Data ...
Atlanta, Georgia Economy - Best Places to Live
2018 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Atlanta city, Georgia
Atlanta named one of America's top 'murder capitals'
Weather in January 2018 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Atlanta, GA Demographic Statistics Infoplease
The 2018 crime rate in Atlanta, GA is 469 (City-Data.com crime index), which is 1.7 times greater than the U.S. average. It was higher than in 94.6% U.S. cities. The 2018 Atlanta crime rate fell by 10% compared to 2017. The number of homicides stood at 88 - an increase of 9 compared to 2017. In the ... Households, 2014-2018: 199,478: Persons per household, 2014-2018: 2.22: Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2014-2018: 78.0%: Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2014-2018: 9.2%: Computer and Internet Use Download the latest report from our Data Center Research team for in-depth market knowledge and a true pulse on the market. We discuss the current state of the industry, absorption, under construction news, local market activity, highlight mergers and acquisitions, and provide our outlook to year-end 2018. With a murder rate of 20.2 per 100,000 civilians and 94 total murders in 2015, the metro city ranked no. 18 among 25 cities on a list based on FBI data, compiled by economic analysis site 24/7 ... Atlanta has an unemployment rate of 4.0%. The US average is 3.7%. Atlanta has seen the job market increase by 2.9% over the last year. Future job growth over the next ten years is predicted to be 46.8%, which is higher than the US average of 33.5%. Data for congenital syphilis are aggregated by the infant's year of birth. The rate for congenital syphilis is based upon the number of reported cases per 100,000 live births, using natality data for 2018 (National Center for Health Statistics Natality 2018, as compiled from data provided by the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program). The mother ... Syphilis Surveillance Supplement 2014-2018: The most current data on risk behaviors among reported primary and secondary syphilis cases (January 2020) GISP Profiles 2018: The most current data on antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea (July 2020) map icon. State Ranking Tables. Another year, another series of malicious hacks and data breaches. It’s estimated that in the first half of 2018, over 4.5 billion records were compromised by unauthorized parties. And that doesn’t even begin to cover the millions of records stolen by cyber thieves in the second half of the year. January 2018 Weather in Atlanta — Graph °F. See Hour-by-hour Forecast for upcoming weather. See weather overview. High & Low Weather Summary for January 2018 Temperature Humidity ... Note: Actual official high and low records may vary slightly from our data, if they occured in-between our weather recording intervals... NumberPercentTotal population416,474100.0SEX AND AGEMale206,72549.6Female209,74950.4Under 5 years26,6666.45 to 9 years27,3866.610 to 14 years25,0236.015 to 19 years30 ...
Cheat-by-Mail. Months-Long Recounts. Riots. Endless Court Drama. The Democrats' 7-Step Strategy to Win the Election Using Vote-by-Mail Chaos
2020.09.25 20:08 Venus230Cheat-by-Mail. Months-Long Recounts. Riots. Endless Court Drama. The Democrats' 7-Step Strategy to Win the Election Using Vote-by-Mail Chaos
1. Never let a Covid crisis go to waste! Use the pandemic to push for a nation-wide vote-by-mail scheme. By now we’re all familiar with the inequities, even idiocies, of the Covid-19 lockdown rules. In many states and cities, it’s forbidden to have normal assembly for social gatherings, businesses, church services, and even hospital visits. On the other hand, it’s okay to have massive Black Lives Matter protests, Antifa riots, and anything else the left approves of, at least tacitly. Obviously, such unequal treatment is a formula for societal frustration, rage, and, yes, chaos. And what a friend the Democrats have in crisis and chaos! In fact, Democratic vice presidential candidate Kamala Harris has said that this sort of chaos is likely to continue—and should continue—through the election. “Everyone beware because they’re not going to stop,” Harris said about the (often violent) protests erupting in American cities. “They’re not going to stop before Election Day in November, and they’re not going to stop after Election Day.” But according to the Democrats, the only certainty in all of this chaos is that Americans—who are safe to take to the streets in mass protests and riots—are not safe to vote in person on November 3. We must vote by mail, they tell us. Mail-in voting is “essential from a health reason because we want to keep people at home to vote without having them all collect on Election Day,” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said last month. “People should not have to choose between their health and their vote.” If you’re still scratching your head wondering why it’s safe to riot but not to vote, veteran political consultant Dick Morris explained the Democrats’ game plan: “If they feel they’re legitimately losing the election, [they] are going to use the excuse of the Covid virus—nobody can come out and vote in person, they claim … and they’re going to deliberately game the system by sending out millions and millions of mail-in ballots for people that don’t exist or have already voted.” “And the states will not verify the [mail-in ballot] signatures because they are under the control of Democrats,” Morris added. 2. Enlist all the messengers at your disposal (Hollywood, Corporate Media, Big Tech, Pro Sports) to push for vote-by-mail. The Democrats are using every tool in their considerable arsenal to push the vote-by-mail messaging, including multi-million-dollar super PAC ad campaigns. Former Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Amy Klobuchar has teamed up with failed gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams to mandate a national vote-by-mail system, and a group called Stop Republicans has launched a digital blitz to push for the idea. But the Democrats’ favorite tool is, of course, Hollywood and pop culture. As early as April, about a month into the coronavirus shutdown, the Hollywood wing of the Democrat-Media Complex kicked into high gear to push vote-by-mail. Actor Tom Hanks and his wife, Rita Wilson, who were among the first big name figures to contract Covid-19, teamed up with former First Lady Michelle Obama and former Obama White House senior advisor Valerie Jarrett in April for an ostensibly non-partisan virtual voter registration drive that encouraged states to loosen vote-by-mail requirements. 📷 Tom Hanks and Rita Wilson joined former First Lady Michelle Obama for a virtual get out the vote event on April 20, 2020, to encourage people to sign up for mail-in voting. (YouTube) In August, a group of A-list celebrities hosted a virtual “United to Save the Vote” gala—which they claimed was “fiercely nonpartisan”—to raise money to “protect the 2020 election” by, in part, increasing trust in mail-in voting. The virtual roster included Jennifer Lawrence, Jamie Foxx, Dave Matthews, Ed Helms, Jennifer Lopez, Alicia Keys, Sia, Jake Johnson, Sarah Silverman, Kenan Thompson, Chelsea Handler, Gloria Estefan, Randall Park, Erich Bergen, Nick Kroll, Sophia Bush, Jonathan Scott, Kenny G., George Lopez, etc. You get the picture. According to the event’s website, thesezealouslyanti-Trump “fiercely nonpartisan” celebs gathered virtually to counter the efforts of “politicians who are undermining the security and validity of mail-in voting.” Meanwhile, the Democrat-Media Complex is engaged in a bit of journalistic jujitsu churning out stories about how the Republicans are the ones who plan to steal the election. Here’s a headline from the Washington Post: “Republicans’ long-term vote heist matters more than Trump’s tantrums.” And here’s one from Rolling Stone: “The Plot Against America: The GOP’s Plan to Suppress the Vote and Sabotage the Election.” But it’s hard to top this headline from the Daily Beast: “This Is How Republicans Steal an Election, and Maybe Kill Some Dems in the Process.” At the same time, the Democrat-Media Complex is also celebrating the new wokeness of pro sports, which is busy helping Democrats win in November. On September 7, Politico asked, “Could LeBron James Defeat Donald Trump?” As has been widely reported, the National Basketball Association has agreed to set up a “social justice coalition” to help get out the (Democrat) vote. 3. Get millions of questionable mail-in ballots into the system. Here we might pause to note the distinction between the various kinds of voting by mail. It is true that absentee voting by mail has been with us for many years. Even President Trump has voted by mail, and our active duty military regularly votes by mail. In fact, Republicans have been quite successful in the past with absentee voting. In Florida in 2016, for example, more Republicans voted by mail than Democrats, and Trump carried the state. There is even legitimate concern that any disparagement of mail-in voting could unintentionally hurt Republicans in November because their voters like voting by absentee ballots. Indeed, there are sincere and legitimate reasons for why absentee voting should be available during the pandemic. However, there is a big difference between allowing absentee ballots as an option for people who are unable to make it to the polls and mandating that an entire election be done by mail-in voting. And there is a really big difference between the long-standing practice of sending absentee ballots to voters who take the initiative of requesting them and the new Democratic proposal to mail out unsolicited ballots (or applications for ballots) to every registered voter regardless of whether those voters are still alive or eligible to vote in that jurisdiction. And, as we shall explain, this new effort to mail out ballots to every registered voter is coupled with the left’s years-long fight to prevent these same voter rolls from being updated to remove dead and ineligible people from the lists. And to make matters extra complicated and chaotic, every state has a different standard for mail-in voting. Some states have more safeguards in place than others. For example, some states require that every mail-in ballot include a verifiable signature, additional witness or notary signatures, and even an enclosed copy of the voter’s photo ID. Some states have few, if any, such safeguards. Some states are loosening or experimenting with the rules for the first time due to the coronavirus pandemic. And then there is the issue of sending all these ballots through the mail. Can the U.S. Postal Service process them all in a timely manner? Every state has a different deadline for when these ballots need to be postmarked. What happens if they don’t arrive in time? Can election officials process them all in a timely manner? Counting mail-in ballots is much more time-consuming. It can involve matching signatures, checking postmarks, flattening out ballots that were crumpled in the mail, etc. If the recent primaries in Wisconsin and New York are anything to go by, mail-in ballots will take weeks to process and that process will be fraught with problems and potential for fraud. (To give you a flavor of the postal chaos to come, the chief clerk for Brooklyn’s Kings County Board of Elections testified in federal court last month that in 2018, the USPS delivered “several hundred absentee ballots from the previous November” — which was “five months after Election Day.” And in Wisconsin this week, three trays of mail, which included absentee ballots, were found in a ditch.) 📷 Election officials take receipt of a dolly loaded with mail-in ballots at election offices in downtown Pittsburgh, PA, on May 27, 2020. (AP Photo/Gene J. Puskar) There is also the issue of how voters can apply to vote by mail and who is eligible to do so. According to FiveThirtyEight, nine states and the District of Columbia will simply mail every registered citizen a ballot. In another 14 states, authorities will mail everyone an application to vote by mail. (Although, as we shall see, some states take a generous view of who, or what, might be eligible to receive such applications if outside interest groups decide to mail them out.) In 16 states, nothing is automatically mailed to voters, although voters can apply online to vote by mail. In six states, voting by mail is permissible only with a “valid excuse.” And the remaining states are some hybrid of the preceding categories. All of these different rules provide plenty of opportunity to game the system on questions ranging from the verification of identity, addresses, and signatures to the timeliness of postmarks and the ability of the postal service to deliver ballots in a timely manner. Because there are so many “moving parts” to the vote-by-mail process, mail-in ballots are fraught with the potential for fraud. Yes, we’ve seen voter fraud before, but we ain’t seen nothing yet. The further we get from requiring that voters go to the polls to vote in person, the more we expand the avenues for fraud. Consider, for example, the fraud potential that comes with mailing ballots to every registered voter. Back in 2012, a Pew Center study found that 1.8 million dead people were still registered to vote and that 24 million voter registrations were un-confirmable. Though some states have made progress in updating their voting rolls since the 2012 Pew study, a comprehensive analysis conducted this year by the Public Interest Legal Foundation (PILF) found that 349,773 apparently dead people still remain on the voter rolls across 41 states. And apparently the dead still vote! The report also discovered a surprising number of people who apparently voted more than once. The report found:
During the 2018 General Election, 37,889 likely duplicate registrants are apparently credited for casting two votes from the same address, and 34,000 registrants appear to have voted from non-residential addresses. Additionally, 6,718 registrants were apparently credited for voting after death.
According to the report, New York, Texas, Michigan, Florida, and California were the top five states with dead voters on the rolls, accounting for 51 percent of all the dead registrants. The crucial swing states of Michigan and Florida had 34,225 and 25,162 dead registrants respectively. That would seem to be a serious indictment of the system and a warning against mailing unsolicited mail-in ballots or even mail-in ballot applications to everyone on the voter rolls. But Democrats are working hard to bulldoze the path for vote-by mail, or, as Breitbart News often calls it, cheat-by-mail. Democratic governors in New York and Pennsylvania have already moved to ease vote-by-mail, as have local officials in Harris County, TX, population 4.7 million. Oh, and did we mention that in Nevada’s June primary, more than 223,000 ballots in Clark County (Las Vegas) went to a bum address? That means almost a fifth of all the ballots mailed out in the county went to a bum address. 📷 Election workers process mail-in ballots during a nearly all-mail primary election in Las Vegas, NV, on June 9, 2020. (AP Photo/John Locher) But, you might ask, why don’t we just make sure the voter rolls are accurate by removing people who have moved or died? Why don’t we have a standardized signature verification protocol and a requirement for an additional witness signature and photo ID for mail-in ballots to ensure they are legit? Good questions. The answer is the left fights these reforms. Left-wing groups want to expand access to voting by registering as many people as possible, but they also fight to block meaningful efforts to ensure that only eligible American citizens are voting. When Republicans enact legislation to encourage transparency and accuracy in our voting process by removing dead or ineligible voters from the rolls or mandating some form of identity verification, left-wing activists challenge these initiatives in court to stop any reform. Eric Eggers, the author of Fraud: How the Left Plans to Steal the Next Election, explained to Breitbart News how left-wing interest groups have fought for years to keep the loopholes that could potentially create a “tsunami of voter fraud” in November. “Organizations that are funded by George Soros both fight to keep those vulnerabilities in place, as in Ohio, by trying to prevent efforts to pass voter-ID laws or to make the voter rolls more secure,” Eggers said. “But then they also — and this is really the insidious part — they fund organizations that go out and round up voters, regardless of legality of their status, and force them through the vulnerabilities in the system.” “There are 248 counties in this country that have more registered voters than actual citizens of legal voting age,” Eggers said. “It’s a problem because it creates opportunity for organizations like the formerly known ACORN and La Raza — they’re all funded by [billionaire George] Soros — to go and figure out where the vulnerabilities are and force the voters — whether they’re legal or not — through the gaps.” But according to the establishment media, the instances of mail-in voter fraud are “infinitesimally small.” And to prove this, the media loves to quote the “non-partisan” Brennan Center for Justice. What the media fails to tell you is that the Soros-funded Brennan Center is leading the charge to expand mail-in voting. They don’t just have a dog in this fight — they have a whole kennel! Quoting the Brennan Center to deny the reality of mail-in voter fraud is like quoting Big Tobacco to deny that smoking causes cancer. And yet when Donald Trump or any Republican points out the obvious vulnerabilities in our voting system, the Democrat-Media Complex quotes biased sources to vilify Republicans. Nancy Pelosi actually called President Trump and Republicans “enemies of the state” for expressing concerns about vote-by-mail’s fraud potential. It seems fair to say that Democrats are making sure that the system works for them. Recently, Politico headlined a long piece, “Inside the Democratic Party’s plan to prevent vote-by-mail disaster,” detailing the efforts of the party, and its well-funded allies, to win the November mail war. A key part of that plan is legal challenges. For instance, in Georgia, the American Civil Liberties Union accused the state government of wrongfully purging nearly 200,000 voters from the rolls. In this legal battle, the ACLU is joined by the Palast Investigative Fund, one of the myriad “non-partisan” foundations that the Democrats always have at their side. Yet in the meantime, the ACLU has nothing to say when we discover, for example, that during the 2020 Michigan primaries, the number of ballots counted in 72 percent of Detroit’s absentee ballot precincts didn’t match the number of ballots cast. And the votes counted in 46 percent of all of Detroit’s precincts–both absentee and in-person–didn’t match the number of ballots tracked in the precinct poll books. For perspective on what such abnormalities might portend for the next election, we might observe that Detroit has a population of 670,000. In 2016, Donald Trump won Michigan by a mere 10,704 votes. Oh, and did we mention that a federal lawsuit filed last year alleged that the city of Detroit had over 2,500 dead people still registered on its voter rolls, and about 4,788 registered Detroit voters were flagged as having potentially registered to vote twice or even three times. But I’m sure none of those dead people will vote by mail, right? Oh, and while we’re on Michigan, we should also mention that Jocelyn Benson, Michigan’s Democratic Secretary of State who was endorsed by Joe Biden and was a featured speaker at the Democratic National Convention, misprinted the ballots that were created for Michigan voters serving in the military overseas. Guess which candidate was listed incorrectly? You guessed it: Trump! The bad ballots list the Libertarian Party’s vice presidential candidate as President Trump’s running mate instead of Mike Pence. But don’t worry. The spokesperson for Michigan’s Democratic-Biden-endorsed-DNC-speaking Secretary of State has assured us that clerks “will be instructed to duplicate a vote for Trump” for any military voter who mails in one of these misprinted ballots. 📷 Michigan Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson (D) speaking during the fourth night of the Democratic National Convention on Aug. 20, 2020. (DNC via AP) In the face of all this potentially embarrassing data, the Democrats have decided that the best defense is a good offense. For instance, Joe Biden stays on the offensive, regularly accusing President Trump of seeking to squelch vote-by-mail; but he never allows that vote-by-mail might need to be reformed. Biden charged on September 7 that Trump “wants to make sure those mail-in ballots don’t get where they’re supposed to get.” We might wonder: If Biden routinely accuses Trump of cheating, should we be surprised if Democratic activists get the hint and decide that they could, and should, cheat on Biden’s behalf? After all, they might rationalize these efforts as fighting fire with fire. Cheat-inclined Democrats might draw inspiration from an anonymous Democratic consultant in New Jersey who recently confessed to the New York Post that “fraud is more the rule than the exception.” The consultant explained the various ways in which political operatives can harvest mail-in ballots, change them by inserting different ballots into the envelope, use friendly postal workers to disappear ballots in neighborhoods that lean Republican, and so forth. A few hundred bogus ballots here and there can change an election. “An election that is swayed by 500 votes, 1,000 votes — it can make a difference,” the Democratic operative said. “It could be enough to flip states.” Indeed, even Democratic pets can make a difference—and they don’t even have to be alive! Recently in Atlanta, a family got a voter registration application in the mail for their deceased house cat named Cody. How did that happen, you ask? Well, outside third-party groups can rent mailing lists and randomly send everyone on the list an absentee-ballot application or voter registration application that they downloaded from the state’s election website. Have you ever used your pet’s name to subscribe to something because you didn’t want junk mail in your own name? If so, don’t be surprised if Fluffy or Spot gets a voter registration or absentee ballot application in the mail. Georgia’s election officials assure us that Cody the cat would not have been able to vote at the polls in the Peach State because the cat doesn’t have a license or state ID. But one wonders if he would be allowed to vote by mail, assuming his registration application cleared. And, of course, not every state requires a photo ID to vote like Georgia does. Speaking of Georgia, its Republican Secretary of State, Brad Raffensberger, announced on September 8 that his office had identified 150,000 Georgians who had applied for an absentee ballot and then showed up at the polls to vote in person in the June primary; that is, they wished to vote, carelessly or purposefully, for a second time. This in a primary in which a little less than 950,000 people voted; in other words, the attempted (or at least potentially attempted) double voting accounts for around a sixth of total ballots cast. Of these 150,000, Raffensberger added that perhaps 1,000 had actually succeeded in voting twice. Were these innocent mistakes? Simple confusion? Or guilty action? Whatever the truth about these would-be double voters and actual double voters, we should applaud Georgia authorities for minimizing what could have been a major electoral debacle; thanks to their good work, it was only a minor electoral debacle. In any case, the Georgia ACLU has nothing to say about that. Voter fraud exists even when you vote in person, but mail-in voting blows the doors wide open in fraud potential. And the Democrats are ready to fight for every ballot—pets and all! 4. Send Democratic lawyers into key districts to fight for every challenged ballot. Use the courts and progressive election officials to keep the count going as long as possible with as little verification as possible. As we have seen, each mailed-in ballot has the potential to foment a legal fight over its validity. In fact, the Washington Postreported on August 24, that more than 534,000 primary votes in 23 states have been rejected for one reason or another:
Democrats and voting rights groups are now waging court battles to ensure that absentee ballots are not discarded on technicalities, pushing to require that ballots postmarked by Election Day be counted and to make signature-matching laws more voter-friendly.
Meanwhile, in Indiana, a federal judge ruled that Hoosier election officials cannot reject ballots for dissimilar signatures without notifying the voter and giving him or her—aided, of course, by partisan pals—a chance to “cure” the ballot. In fact, 20 states allow a voter to attempt to cure a faulty ballot so that it can be counted. That might be a good idea, but we can see that each “cure” will take a lawyer, not a doctor. In fact, with such legal fights in mind, the Biden-Harris campaign has already built a SWAT team of 600 lawyers, expecting many more recruits to come. And just on September 14 came this headline, courtesy of the New York Times: “Biden Creates Legal War Room, Preparing for a Big Fight Over Voting.” According to the Times, two Democratic legal veterans–Dana Remus, who has served as Biden’s general counsel in the 2020 campaign, and Bob Bauer, a former Obama administration White House counsel–will co-head this legal effort. Others involved include former Obama attorney general Eric Holder and two former solicitors general in Democratic administrations, Donald B. Verrilli and Walter Dellinger. In all, the Times tells us that “hundreds of lawyers will be involved, including a team at the Democratic law firm Perkins Coie, led by Marc Elias.” The name Marc Elias might ring a bell because, as Breitbart News has reported, he was in the middle of the infamous fake-news Christopher Steele dossier, having retained the firm of Fusion GPS on behalf of the Democratic National Committee. And come to think of it, Bob Bauer, mentioned above, was also a longtime Perkins Coie lawyer, having been there, alongside Elias, during the 2016 presidential campaign and its Steele-y aftermath. Meanwhile, Kamala Harris herself is keeping up the drumbeat, warning Democrats of the many bad things Republicans are thought to be doing. “There will be many obstacles that people are intentionally placing in front of Americans’ ability to vote,” Harris said. “We have classic voter suppression. We have a president who is trying to convince the American people not to believe in the integrity of our election system and compromise their belief that their vote might actually count.” By “voter suppression,” she means any effort to make sure that only eligible living non-pet American citizens are voting in November. But while we’re on this topic, we should note that the Department of Justice announced this week that it’s investigating reports that nine military mail-in ballots were discarded in Pennsylvania. Seven of the ballots were cast for President Trump; the contents of the other two are unknown. Yes, it’s only nine ballots, but the campaign season is young, and there are lots of places where marked ballots can be discarded. And the crickets you hear is the sound of Democrats, normally so up-in-arms about vote suppression, now being oh-so-quiet about vote destruction. Democrats are armed and ready for a vote-by-mail total war. We can expect they will have a ground game in every district. Every disputed ballot will get its own Democratic lawyer. Every critical district and state will see litigation over signature-matches, addresses, postmarks, and anything else that might affect Democratic balloting. In fact, the Democrats’ legal team has already scored potentially game-changing court victories in Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and North Carolina on how long ballots can be counted after Election Day. In Wisconsin, a federal judge ruled Monday that mail-in ballots can be counted up to six days after Election Day, and a ballot can be counted even if there is no “definitive” sign of a postmark on it. In Pennsylvania, the state’s Supreme Court ruled last week that mail-in ballots can be received up to three days after Election Day; and, similar to the Wisconsin ruling, these ballots can be counted even if there is no evidence that they were postmarked on time. (The Pennsylvania court handed the Democrats a second victory by keeping the Green Party candidate off the ballot, thereby preventing the Greens from peeling off any progressive voters. We note that the court didn’t grant the GOP a similar favor by kicking the Libertarian Party off the ballot.) The Pennsylvania Secretary of State also issued an order last week instructing clerks not to conduct signature matches on the mail-in ballots – which means that Pennsylvania essentially nullified signature verification because the state’s election officials won’t be verifying anything. In Michigan, a judge ruled that postmarked mail-in ballots can be accepted up to 14 days after Election Day, and third parties are allowed to deliver these ballots. This fraud-friendly delivery service is commonly known as “ballot harvest.” It’s all the rage in California and other third world countries. 📷 A ballot drop box in Detroit, MI, on Sept. 24, 2020. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya) In North Carolina, a coalition of Democrat-aligned special interest groups got the state to agree to accept mail-in ballots up to nine days after Election Day and to allow voters to “cure” any problems with these ballots. North Carolina election officials also agreed to create vote-by-mail ballot “drop-off” stations, which is essentially an invitation for “ballot harvesting.” You’ll notice that these are all swing states, and three of them – Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, and Michigan – were the Rust Belt blue wall states that put Trump over the top in 2016. He won them by 22,748 (WI); 44,292 (PA), and 10,704 (MI) votes. And the Democrats are stopping at nothing to win them back. Of course, these court victories were concerned with when the mail-in ballot delivery window will close. Let’s not forget the question of when the in-person polls will close. It’s a safe bet that Democratic lawyers will argue—and even sue, as they have in the past—for extra hours in places where their voters might come straggling in late. After all, many protestors and rioters seem to be night people.
2020.09.17 14:21 erictaylorseyebrows[OC] Punt Rank 2020: Punt Rank is back! Welcome to your 2020 season of punting stats and analysis.
PUNT RANK IS BACK FOR 2020!
Welcome back Punt Fans – pull up a seat at the ultimate in specialist Special Teams analysis, breaking up your unhealthy diet of calorific Power Rankings, sauce covered contract extension speculation and butter basted week-to-week hot takes and replacing it with the fibrous, stats-based goodness that your body and mind will thank you for. Plus we will also definitely have hot takes.
What in the good heck is Punt Rank and why should I care?
I’m glad you asked. Punt Rank is nfl’s very own methodologically questionable look at every NFL punter, creating a weekly league table containing every punt by every punter in the 2020 season. Now entering our third year of over-engineered analysis, we’ll look at the best in punting performances in each gameweek and settle one of the top (600) debates in pro football – exactly who is the best punter in the NFL?
Er, right. Why are you doing this?
I just love punting. For most people it's the part of the game when they go and get a beer, or a hotdog, or throw themselves off the top of the stadium after another three yard screen pass on 3rd and 9 (miss you, Rob Boras). But for me it's a vital element in turning a defended attack into attacking defense and flipping the field, in putting pressure on returners and creating chances for turnovers, and most importantly for absolutely averagely built dudes (shout out Jon Ryan, miss you BB) to be NFL heroes, or die trying [see: Spencer Lanning vs. Antonio Brown, or when Ryan Winslow blew out his knee on the very first play of his NFL career]. Plus the Rams were utter ass between 2012 and 2017 and Johnny Hekker was basically the one good thing in my football existence and now I have Stockholm Syndrome for punting.
I see... How does it work then?
Using NFL data for each punter, I have created a new measure of punting greatness - the Punt Rank. Punt Rank factors in five measures designed to reflect the most important parts of the punters job:
Effectiveness at flipping the field (measured by Net Avg Yds);
Distance based precision (% touchbacks, and % punts downed Inside the 20);
Returnability and field placement (% punts returned, and % Gross Yards Lost).
By ranking each punter against all the others in each of the five categories and weighting the results to reflect relative importance (STAY WITH ME THROUGH THE SCIENCE FOLKS) we can see who is the most efficient overall punter in the league. Annnnnnd we can use this as a safe space to post videos of when punters entirely forget to kick the ball (Jordan Berry 2019 I see you) or when they blow the living frick out of punt returners which we can all agree is totally awesome (Mitch ‘Flag Me Outside’ Wishnowsky every week).
Yeah I'm already losing interest. What happened last season?
Unbefrickinglievingly, Week 3 Free Agent Pickup Bryan Anger (HOU) was the Best Punter in the NFL™ in 2019. Anger, who was nowhere NEAR an NFL roster at the start of the season (having been expunged by the Bucs for younger and significantly less bald Bradley Pinion), somehow shiny-headed himself into a three year, $8m contract in Houston following the sad demise of Trevor Daniel RIP. And boy did it end well. Anger had career bests in 4 of the 5 punt rank metrics, and with 53.3% of his punts downed inside the 20 had the fourth best In20 season of the entire decade. Just ahead of… Bryan Anger’s 2016 season in Tampa. And at the bottom of Punt Rank for 2019? Well, if it isn’t our hirsute friend Bradley Pinion in Tampa Bay. Anger’s $11m replacement proceeded to wildly and comprehensively suck for the majority of last year. Sure, the Bucs didn’t punt very often (57 punts on the season, only six teams punted less), but when they did they were short, wobbly and not very handsome (good if you’re Danny DeVito, less good in punting terms). Also in the Bottom 5 of Punt Rank last year? #31, Michael Palardy (CAR) – out for 2020 with an ACL that some (me) are speculating he sustained to avoid another ignominious punting season. #30, Jordan Berry (PIT) – 20th August 2020, Jordan Berry and his wife celebrate the birth of their first child, Emily. 7th September 2020, Jordan Berry is CUT LIKE A DEAD TREE by the Steelers to make room for veteran Chiefs legend Dustin Colquitt (ranked #16 last year, they’ve obviously been reading Punt Rank in Pittsburgh). Guess he’s got a little longer to enjoy some family time now. Congrats on the baby and stuff (sorry about your job). #29, Chris Jones (DAL) – inexplicably held on to his job this year despite a career low Gross Avg Yards of 41.6 and a league worst Net Average Yards of 37.0. They obviously aren’t reading Punt Rank in Dallas (shout out though Bones). #28, Colby Wadman (DEN) – cut diddly cut dang doodilly cut cut CUT. Wadman was second last in Punt Rank in 2018. Wadman was fifth last in 2019. Wadman is not a very good punter. Veteran Sam Martin comes over from Detroit and puts an end to Wadman’s woes. Colby, we’d be lying if we said we’d miss you, it’s best if we both try to move forward now. And, that’s just what I suggest we do. Let’s hear it for 2020!
#Puntersarepeopletoo. And we have new ones!
Braden Mann (NYJ 2020 6th Rd Pick 191, Texas A&M). Ladies and gentlemen we got one! The New York Jets replaced Lachlan Edwards (ranked 22 last season, they’ve obviously etc etc) with punting phenom Braden Mann, whose frankly astonishing leg broke all kinds of distance records in college football. Hope he’s not been skipping leg day in the offseason, the Jets punted 87 (EIGHTY SEVEN!) times last year, so Mann can expect to work from Day 1. Sterling Hofrichter (ATL 2020 7th Rd Pick 228, Syracuse). As DJ Khaled would say: AND ANOTHER ONE. Two punters drafted – what a time to be alive. And this one is faaaannncy. Sterling Hofrichter comes out of Syracuse as a two time All-ACC player and looks to settle the punting situation in Atlanta that saw four guys share the job last year after long time incumbent Matt Bosher’s groin finally said ‘no mas’. Fave Hofrichter fact (only Hofrichter fact): Hofrichter translates [roughly!] to Yard Judge. The Birds will hope he lives up to his frankly awesome name. Joseph Charlton (CAR UDFA20, South Carolina). Local boy done good! Alumnus of AC Flora High School (shout out you Falcons!) and University of South Carolina (Gamecocks, yeah!), takes over as a, uh, well a Panther (sorry bird teams) from the knee-crocked Michael Palardy in Carolina. Styles himself as ‘Ritz Charlton’ on Instagram. Let’s hope no Australian rock stars die in any of his bathrooms in the immediate future. Jack Fox (DET, UDFA19, Rice). Rookie punting battle in Detroit! Rookie punting battle in Detroit! Jack Fox eventually beat out plucky Aussie ex-AFL player Arryn Siposs to the Lions job, and immediately shoots to the top of the generic punter name pile just behind Andy Lee and Sam Martin. Snore. Tommy Townsend (KC, UDFA20, Florida). I’ve got very little for you here other than Tommy T has got absolutely sensational hair. So, now we’re caught up on who’s in, out and shaking it all about, let’s get into the stats from Week 1 of the 2020 NFL Season
Thomas Morstead (NO, new entry at #1). Somebody check the attic for the slaughtered virgins and the litres of their blood he's drinking ‘cos there’s no way Tommy should still be this good in the twilight (get it, vampires and shit?) of his career. What a day against Tompa Bay - six punts, five (83%) downed inside the 20, 76% of Avg Available Field covered, zero return yards given up, and one awesome short field kick-off causing a hideous Special Teams fumble by the Bucs, putting the Saints in position to close out the divisional win. This man is an artist and a joy to watch. Enjoy him. That's an order.
Jake Bailey (NE, new entry at #8). From the old school to the new. Jake Bailey has been a revelation in New England (and not just because he’s right footed). Great start for the sophomore punter against the Dolphins – 100% of his three punts downed inside the 20 (11, 8 and 13 yard lines), and his NAY of 40.7 covered a league leading 79% of his Average Available Field of 51 yards. Bailey has the precision to work in tight spaces, and he showed it off this week.
Bad Week for
Braden Mann (NYJ, new entry at #26). Braden has to be wondering what he’s let himself in for here. First three Jets drives: three and out, punts from his own 12. Three and out, punts from his own 20. Three and out, punts from his own 25. I guess they were getting better, but punting for this team is a one way trip to RSI-ville. 6 punts on the week, 0% inside the 20 (unsurprising given he was 9000 miles away), but also only covering 48% of his Average Available Field of 73 yards. Could be a long year for the rook (and let’s face it, for the Jets).
Kevin Huber (CIN, new entry at #15). K-Hubs is just excited to be out here. So excited in fact that he blooted 50% of his six punts straight through the end zone for touchbacks. OK so one of them was a season long SEVENTY YARDER, but giving up a free 20 yards on the 51 and 55 yard others isn’t a great look. What IS a great look however, is this Instagram account that’s just the same picture of Kevin Huber posted every day. Strong recommend.
Punt of the week – Week 1
Jamie Gillan (CLE). Majestic work from The Scottish Hammer in the second quarter of their game against the Ravens. Punting from his own 40 yard line, TSH unleashed a mighty rocket which slithered to the Ravens 1 yard line (98% of Available Field) putting 2019 MVP Lamar Jackson and the Ravens offence under enormous press… they… they did… they what? 99 yard, 10 play touchdown drive?! Oh. Well. You did your best, Jamie.
Punter fail of the week – Week 1
Jamie Gillan again folks. Less majestic this time. First punt formation of the season, 4th and 4, you get the fake call, best not to run straight into the coverage man, spill the football and turn the ball over at your own 30 yard line. Sure you did your best, Jamie. Just unfortunate that your best was absolutely shambolic.
Alarming Punt Trend of the Week
That hideous fake punt on 4th down, from their own 30 yard line, in the first quarter was highly alarming to me. Not just because it was terribly, terribly executed. But mostly because Week 1 in 2020 saw the fewest total number of punts (119) in the last 10 years of the opening weekends. It also saw the highest number of run/pass plays called on 4th down (38) in Week 1 in the last 10 years. These facts are inherently related. Teams went for it on a total of 24% of 4th down plays this year, compared to an average of 15% in the last 10 years. The good old fashioned 'admit defeat and boot it back on 4th and short' conservative punt strategy is in danger! I’m thinking about starting a crowdfunding campaign. Support your local punters people, we’ll miss them when they’re gone. That sombre thought wraps up our coverage for Week 1 – hope you’ve enjoyed reading and would love to hear your thoughts and comments. See you in Week 2! Yours, Eyebrows.
2020.08.29 21:10 Someone-00Guns, the medical profession, and bad history Part 2: The Wild West, the medical establishment and gun control, and Guns in peacetime
Continued fromPart 1 Continuing from where we left off, we enter the arena of crime from the Wild West to the present day. Faria points to the Wild West, as well as Kennesaw and Orlando's gun approaches as ideal while castigating (again) other countries for gun laws that enabled crime. He also lashes out at the medical community (specifically the CDC) for bias against guns, and brings back the gun-free zone tropes, among many others. The Wild West and US Crime Faria and his colleague Dr. Robert Young first point to the Wild West, Young stating that:
He easily debunks the myth of the Old West as territories terrorized by non-stop gunfights, when the greatest role of firearms was their use by citizens to suppress outlaw violence.
Ironically, in taking on one common misconception, the two fall into another. While the Old West certainly was not as violent as the countless John Wayne, Gary Cooper, and Clint Eastwood films would have people believe, it was not due to light gun restrictions at all. Adam Winkler, a Professor of Law at UCLA, claims that
Frontier towns — places like Tombstone, Deadwood, and Dodge — actually had the most restrictive gun control laws in the nation. In fact, many of those same cities have far less burdensome gun control today then they did back in the 1800s. ... A check? That’s right. When you entered a frontier town, you were legally required to leave your guns at the stables on the outskirts of town or drop them off with the sheriff, who would give you a token in exchange. You checked your guns then like you’d check your overcoat today at a Boston restaurant in winter. Visitors were welcome, but their guns were not.
Frontier towns like those in Arizona and Kansas actually had stricter laws then than they do today. The result? As many as two murders per year. Winkler even mentions how the first law passed in Dodge City was a gun control law, and that in many frontier towns, only law enforcement could carry weapons around. Young and Faria, however, would have their audiences believe the opposite, that every citizen carried a gun (never mind that most arrests were for illegal gun ownership) and stopped criminals. Applying the same lessons to the modern day, the doctors mention cases on the local level. In Orlando Florida, for instance, they allege that after a gun training program for women was heavily publicized from 1966-1967, that rape dropped to near-zero levels. Another example is Kennesaw, Georgia, which saw a drastic decline in burglaries after requiring each citizen own a gun in 1982. In both these cases, however, they omit important details. For starters, in Orlando, recorded rapes reached 0 in 1963 (before the program) and declined sharply in 1965, again before the program. As for the 1967 drop, keep in mind that these are recorded rapes. There could be more that occurred. I would mention some more research done by the guys at Science Blogs, but I'm not sure how trustworthy it is, so feel free to look at it and come to your own conclusions. Kennesaw is also used as an example of why high gun ownership deters crime. In 1982, the city passed a law requiring that every household be armed. Fast forward a few years and burglaries dropped, with an 80% decline by 1985. Of course, what some proponents of the Kennesaw approach forget to mention is that 1981, the year before the law was passed, saw a 75% spike in burglaries. The years before were far lower in burglaries. Could Kennesaw's approach have prevented a burglary increase? Perhaps. But to simply promote this approach when placed into the grand scheme of things is a tad irresponsible. Gun restrictions and crime abroad Faria and his fellow doctors then scorn Europe for essentially enabling gun laws. Australia and Europe have seen many mass shootings (the Norway massacre coming to mind), Dr Young stating
Rising violent crime in Great Britain and Europe tells the tale of their increasingly restrictive gun control laws, even to forbidding self-defense.
Really? Because according to the EU, police-recorded murders and robberies have declined by 30% and 34%, respectively, between 2008 and 2018. Another canard that rears it's ugly head is
Australians learned the lessons of indiscriminate, draconian gun control laws the hard way. In 1996, a criminally insane man shot to death 35 people at a Tasmanian resort. The government immediately responded by passing stringent gun control laws, banning most firearms, and ordering their confiscation. More than 640,000 guns were seized from ordinary Australian citizens. As a result, there was a sharp and dramatic increase in violent crime against the disarmed law-abiding citizens, who, in small communities and particularly in rural areas, were now unable to protect themselves from brigands and robbers. That same year in the state of Victoria, for example, there was a 300% increase in homicides committed with firearms. The following year, robberies increased by almost 60% in South Australia. By 1999, assaults had increased by almost 20% in New South Wales. 2 years following the gun ban/confiscation, armed robberies had risen by 73%, unarmed robberies by 28%, kidnappings by 38%, assaults by 17%, and manslaughter by 29%, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics.”
Oh yeah? Because the Harvard Injury Control Research Center found that:
“While 13 gun massacres (the killing of 4 or more people at one time) occurred in Australia in the 18 years before the NFA, resulting in more than one hundred deaths, in the 14 following years (and up to the present), there were no gun massacres.”
“In the seven years before the NFA (1989-1995), the average annual firearm suicide death rate per 100,000 was 2.6 (with a yearly range of 2.2 to 2.9); in the seven years after the buyback was fully implemented (1998-2004), the average annual firearm suicide rate was 1.1 (yearly range 0.8 to 1.4).”
“In the seven years before the NFA, the average annual firearm homicide rate per 100,000 was .43 (range .27 to .60) while for the seven years post NFA, the average annual firearm homicide rate was .25 (range .16 to .33).”
“[T]he drop in firearm deaths was largest among the type of firearms most affected by the buyback.”
In fact, this chart actually speaks for itself. The claim that Australians were assailed by crime after losing their guns is indeed bullshit. Crime did rise in the immediate aftermath for certain, yet in 2002, more restrictions were passed, and crime declined. You cannot argue that crime grew due to the gun ban when in the long run (and after more restrictions) it is lower than it was before the restrictions. Swtizerland is used as an example of a safe country where gun ownership is legal. Yet Faria fails to mention some important details. Laws and referendums passed in 1999 and 2011 actually strengthened restrictions. From 1999-2010, Swiss gun laws were passed/amended that resembled those of their European neighbors. Since 1997, people with a "violent or dangerous attitude" are forbidden from owning firearms. Licensing is also implemented. Another claim that pops up is that Europe has higher mass shooting rates than the US:
“In fact, America is not the worst country for mass shootings and does not even make it to the top ten, despite the record number of guns in the hands of Americans. For example France, Norway, Belgium, Finland, and the Czech Republic, all have more deaths from mass shootings than the U.S., and in fact, from 2009 to 2015, the European Union had 27 percent more casualties per mass shooting incidents than the U.S.
This would work, yet Faria likely included the Paris massacre of 2015, committed by members of a terror cell (as opposed to lone wolves). According to gun rights advocate John Lott, the countries listed had higher per capita shooting deaths, not total deaths (except for Norway and France). Of course, this methodology has come under fire. Adam Lankford argues that according to Lott:
the Northern Mariana Islands has a mass shooting rate more than 100 times greater than that of the United States, even though the Northern Mariana Islands had only one qualifying incident from 1998–2012, according to their findings (2019, 66). By Lott and Moody’s view, the smaller the population of the place where a mass shooting occurs, the larger the rate, and presumably the risk. The same logic would suggest that Sutherland Springs, Texas—which is the home of approximately 600 people but saw 26 killed in a terrible 2017 church shooting—must be one of the most dangerous places in the world, rather than the spot of a tragic aberration.
True, Norway and France did have deadlier tragedies than the US, but how often do they happen? To Norway, the very idea of such an incident was unheard of. The 2011 shooting rampage was no doubt infamous in part because of just how out-of-left-field it was. Lott also earned criticism from Lankford for other issues. While his studies insist that the US has more mass murders, Lankford has published a study pointing out that the US produces more mass killers worldwide, criticizing Lott for placing terrorist organizations (an each member involved in an attack) in the same category as individual mass killers:
Studying attacks by the Lord’s Resistance Army will not help us understand and prevent the next Virginia Tech shooting, or vice versa. If all participants in group violence were counted, that would also result in the inclusion of many people who were far less lethal than public mass shooters who personally killed four or more victims themselves. Should all 28 guardsmen who were reportedly involved in four deaths at Kent State in 1970 be labeled public mass shooters, even though they averaged killing 0.14 victims each? Should they all be put in the same category as mass shooters from Parkland, Sandy Hook, and Las Vegas who personally killed 17, 27, and 58 victims, respectively? To analyze these distinct forms of violence together would be a textbook example of comparing apples and oranges.
Overall, to compare the actions of the Virginia Tech, Parkland, Sandy Hook, and Las Vegas killers, individuals driven by mental illness, infamy, violent personalities, and other factors, to the Lord's Resistance Army, a terrorist organization lead by a religious extremist that is a party to a military conflict, is more than likely to skew the results. The Medical Establishment and Other claims One area where Faria, Young, and their ilk also lambast the CDC as partisan and biased. Yet while the CDC before the Dickey Amendment did have some PR issues (and perhaps some honesty troubles). Yet to throw the baby out with the bathwater would be absurd. While the CDC certainly came off as partisan in interviews (such as wanting guns to be as frowned on as smoking), the fact that these interviews in 1994 occurred when the US has a record-high homicide rate omits the context needed. They criticize Arthur Kellerman as fallacious for finding that gun ownership increases likelihood of being killed, yet neglect that scores of peer-reviewed materials that corroborate Kellerman's research. Many of these doctors have also insisted that they are not trying to ban guns, yet DRGO insists the opposite. Instead, they praise the research of Gary Kleck, who is best known for a 1995 study that projected around 2 million defensive gun uses per year. While the CDC's staff were certainly biased, Faria seems too willing to overlook the flaws in Kleck's research. Furthermore, an analysis of Kleck's 1995 study was done by David Hemenway of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center, and it stated that many criminals would have to have been sent to the hospital or testify that they were shot by someone in self-defense. He also recorded multiple uses that were "socially undesirable" and even illegal escalations. If millions of Americans did in fact defend themselves, scores of criminals would be dead or injured, yet interviews found that most were harmed by other criminals. Also attacked is the use of "children as victims of gun violence" argument. Dr. Young states that such wording is used to elicit sympathy for victims who are often 14+ in age and often involved in gang shootings. Yet from 1980-2000, 42% of juvenile firearm deaths were aged 12 or under. Furthermore, While teens had higher rates, those who were younger also had high chances of death by firearm.For example, 10-year-old victims in this period actually had a 50% chance of death by firearm. Gun Free-Zones and defensive gun use Faria throws around some more nonsense, like the claim that television caused a massive crime boom in Canada, South Africa, the USA, etc. However, I'm not really going to cover it here (maybe-emphasis on maybe-in another post, although I'm sure most people will agree with the outcome). Instead, I'm going to focus on Faria's claims regarding Concealed Carry and related subject matter. I already touched on the claim of millions of Americans use guns in self-defense. As such, my focus will be on the myth of the "gun-free zone" and other defensive gun use myths. Faria points to Chicago as an example, even though the past 10 years have seen these laws loosened and concealed carry legalized, yet crime has spiked (although not without decreasing first in other years). Los Angeles and New York City have stricter laws and for the most part have had lower murder rates. He also insists that before the Civil War, states enabled "constitutional carry". This has partial basis, yet states such as Tennessee, as far back as 1821, penalized people who would "degrade themselves by carrying around a banned weapon such as a pistol". Alabama and Georgia also had gun control legislation enacted as far back as 1837 and 1839, and some have done so for even longer. As far back as colonial times, bans on conceal carry have been in various states. Constitutional carry has always been a part Vermont since it's founding, yet that was the only state, and the concept itself only really experienced a revival in the early 21st century, starting with the state of Alaska in 2003. Faria argues in favor of the claim that gun-free zones attract killers, blaming tragedies on lack of armed intervention. He celebrates numerous figures for thwarting crimes:
In November 1990, Brian Rigsby and his friend Tom Styer left their home in Atlanta, Georgia, and went camping near...they were assaulted by two madmen, who had been taking cocaine and who fired at them using shotguns killing Styer. Rigsby returned fire with a Ruger Mini-14, a semiautomatic weapon frequently characterized as an assault weapon. It saved his life. In January 1994, Travis Dean Neel was cited as citizen of the year in Houston, Texas. He had saved a police officer and helped the police arrest three dangerous criminals in a gunfight, street shooting incident. Neel had helped stop the potential mass shooters using once again a semiautomatic, so-called assault weapon with a high capacity magazine. He provided cover for the police who otherwise were outgunned and would have been killed. What would have happened if these citizens did not have the “assault weapons” to save their lives and others from these mentally unstable assailants or outright criminals?
Faria's arguments would hold water, yet for each claim of heroism, there are also plenty of failures/overemphasized incidents:
John Parker Jr., an Umpqua student and Air Force veteran, told multiple media outlets that he was armed and on campus at the time of the attack last week. Parker and other student veterans (perhaps also armed) thought about intervening. “Luckily we made the choice not to get involved,” Parker [told MSNBC](mailto:http://www.msnbc.com/all-in/watch/umpqua-student-talks-about-what-he-witnessed-537437763914). “We were quite a distance away from the actual building where it was happening, which could have opened us up to being potential targets ourselves.” Parker’s story changedwhen he spoke to Fox News' Sean Hannity. Instead of saying he “made the choice” not to get involved, Parker said school staff prevented him from helping.... There’s the story of Joel Myrick, an assistant principal who “stopped” a shooting at Pearl High School—but only after it was already over and the shooter was leaving. There’s the story of James Strand, the armed banquet-hall proprietor who “stopped” a shooting at a school dance he was hosting—but only after the student gunman had exhausted all of his ammunition. There’s Nick Meli, a shopper who drew his weapon in self-defense during an attack at Clackamas Mall—but Meli’s story has changed repeatedly, and local police say that his role in causing the shooter’s suicide is “inconclusive” and “speculation.” There’s Mark Kram, who shot a gunman fleeing on a bicycle from the scene of a shooting. Kram also ran down the gunman with a car. There’s Joe Zamudio, who came running to help when he heard the gunfire that injured Gabby Giffords and killed six others in Tucson. But by the time Zamudio was on the scene, unarmed civilians had already tackled and disarmed the perpetrator. Zamudio later said that, in his confusion, he was within seconds of shooting the wrong person. There’s Joseph Robert Wilcox, who drew his concealed handgun in a Las Vegas Walmart to confront gunmen who had executed police officers nearby. Wilcox was himself killed by one of the two assailants, both of whom then engaged police in a firefight. And then there are the fifth wheels—armed civilians who have confronted mass shooters simultaneously with police, such as Allen Crum, who accompanied three law enforcement officers onto the observation deck of the UT Main Building to end the 1966 sniper attack. That doesn’t mean there aren’t also instances of legitimate civilian gun use. The NRA points to phone surveys from the 1990s that suggest Americans might use their guns defensively millions of times every year, though even the most charitable efforts to actually document such incidents come up with fewer than 2,000 per year.
Overall, while there are cases of conceal carry saving lives, there are plenty of stories and anecdotes that contradict the narrative. Furthermore, many incidents also occurred after the criminal had ended their attack. Overall, the idea that there are millions of crimes stopped by gun owners when in fact there are as many as 2,000 recorded instances per year illustrates how flawed the thinking is. One model, even demonstrated that right to carry laws, as analyzed from 1970-2010, did not help stop most crimes. The As for factors that do lead to mass shootings, the FBI found that most attackers had a relationship to the area they attacked. Out of 23 workplace killers, 22 were current/former employees. School attackers yielded similar results. In fact, the study even concluded that more shootings (like the aforementioned Tucson) were stopped by unarmed civilians than by armed ones. Another study found that 36% of such incidents were often during the commission of another felony. Another popular myth that gets parroted is that “Since 1950, 97.8 Percent of Mass Shootings have occurred in “Gun-Free Zones”. This, however, would include the aforementioned Oregon school, even though individuals with a state permit could bring them on-campus. Some criminologists disagree:
Klarevas uses three definitions: he refers to "gun-free zones" as places where civilians are not allowed to carry guns, and there aren’t armed personnel stationed on the property. He calls "gun-restricting zones" as places where civilians can’t carry guns, yet armed security is routinely present -- such as military facilities or certain college campuses. He refers to places that allow civilians to carry guns as "gun-allowing zones." Using these categories, Klarevas examined 111 shootings since 1966 in which six or more people had been killed in each incident -- regardless of whether it occurred in a public or private location or if it was in the commission of another crime. He found 13 took place in gun-free zones and five took place in gun-restricting zones. That means that the majority occurred in areas where there was no evidence that private guns were prohibited. Since Klarevas includes mass shootings in private residences or during the commission of another crime, that means that he counts several additional incidents that aren’t factored in by Lott. ... Lott says that the shooting at Umpqua Community College in Oregon was in a gun-free zone and points to a school policy that bans possession of firearms "except as expressly authorized by law or college regulations." Umpqua Community College spokeswoman Anne Marie Levis previously told PolitiFact Floridathe school’s gun-free policy didn’t apply to students with a valid permit. "UCC was never designated as a ‘gun-free zone’ by any signage or policy," she said. "Umpqua Community College does comply with state law by allowing students with concealed carry licenses to bring firearms on campus."
Klaveras certainly is worth debating as a trustworthy source (for instance, he cites the Waco diner shooting of 2015 even though it was two gangs, not one or two people). However, his research was able to point out that the gun-free zone canard was just that: an empty canard. Klaveras points to Ft Hood and the Washington Navy Yard, both locations where armed guards were present, as examples of mass shootings where defenders carried guns. Peter Langmann, a psychologist who studies these kinds of tragedies, has pointed out that most of the perpetrators often do not care about their own well-being. As such, simply removing gun-free zone signs would not have any impact whatsoever. Indeed, as mentioned before, the FBI found that most shooters have some link with the location they attack, with most workplace or school shooters being formecurrent staff/students. In fact, for all the claims made of firearms being an "equalizer" for women, it was found that 43% of women killed in workplace shootings in 2015 were murdered by intimate partners/spouses, while men made up only 2% of the victims of such perpetrators. The study even went so far as to suggest a positive correlation between increased homicide and RTC laws. Faria cites controversial criminologist John Lott in his claim that right-to-carry laws are responsible for crime drops. Is this the case? One study concluded that RTC laws stopping crime as calculated by Lott were discredited by a look at year-by-year crime rates. While rape certainly declined, robberies, murders, and assaults either increased or went back-and-forth. Some states saw a decline in murder, yet other crimes did not decline (some even increased after RTC was opened in several states). Another study, this time in the American Journal of Public Health, found that states with RTC had a higher rate of workplace homicides from 1992-2017 than those that did not have such laws. Faria and Young also try to point out that other means of murder can lead to countless deaths:
Do they have any grasp on how blunt force trauma can be as or more deadly as gun and knife attacks? ... If they can’t do it with guns, they do it with explosives (Oklahoma City), trucks (Nice), airplanes (9/11), poison (Tokyo), arson (Kyoto) or any other of a thousand other ways.
First off, a look at US murders from 1965-2012 demonstrates that homicide by shooting made up 57.2-60% of all deaths. Blunt force trauma took up a fraction of all deaths for each year, not once reaching 1,000 deaths. Guns, by comparison, killed 5,000 at a minimum. Furthermore, the events Young lists lack context. Oklahoma City, Nice, 9/11, and Tokyo were all done by terrorists/cults. Aside from lone wolves (Nice and OK City), each group was organized, with a clear ideology. Furthermore, Oklahoma City and 9/11 both lead to extra security measures to prevent a repeat, and a there are plenty of other terrorists who used firearms to attack (Orlando, San Bernardino, Ft Hood). From 2002-2014, 85% of deaths in domestic terror attacks in the US were with guns. What does that say about the issue? Terrorism Another approach that's used is to argue that other means of murder exist. Terrorist attacks are cited:
Dr. Faria states, “Before closing on the issue of Islamic terrorism, a word should be said about the most recent incident in New York City, which underscores not only the increasing new terroristic threat to American cities but also the use of cars and trucks to plow into unsuspecting crowds with mass casualties of innocent civilians. A vehicle driven into a crowd is becoming the terrorists’ weapon of choice in Europe, and the sanguinary practice seems to be taking hold in the U.S. as well. “The Halloween truck attack on October 31, 2017, in Manhattan, a few blocks from the site of the Twin Towers [where the largest terrorist attack in the US history occurred on September 11, 2001], is the most recent egregious example. The atrocity also emphasizes the switch from mass shootings caused by deranged citizens to deliberate jihad by foreign and domestic Islamic terrorists. The courts’ disapproval of President Trump’s ban on immigration from seven countries with strong ties to terrorism has permitted dangerous individuals to continue to enter the country. “During the annual Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013, two homemade pressure cooker bombs detonated ... killing three people and injuring several hundred others, including 16 who lost limbs… Three days later, the FBI released images of two suspects who were later identified as Chechen Kyrgyzstani-American brothers… They killed an MIT policeman, kidnapped a man in his car, and had a shootout with the police in nearby Watertown, during which two officers were severely injured, one of whom died a year later. One brother terrorist died. The other brother stated that they were motivated by extremist Islamist beliefs… Will banning guns stop these crimes?
2020.07.30 21:19 ghtuyStats I Compiled Because I Was Bored: USLC Player Nationalities
Guess who's been Ultra-Instinct levels of bored? Me. Guess who skimmed every club's Wikipedia article, cross-referenced with Transfermarkt, and curated a spreadsheet of player nationalities by club? Also me. Disclaimer: This post is really, really long. If you don't want to appreciate my hours upon hours of research, spread over a week as I slaved away over a hot keyboard, turn back now. Methodology: Basically I used the Wiki entries for nationality, which uses FIFA international allegiance, or place of birth for those without a call-up. Derived statistics include the total number of players across the 35 clubs, the total number of clubs that employ players of that nationality, and the total number of different nationalities at each club. I did not include players at 2-teams who are under contract with the MLS parent organization. I did, however, include academy signings. (Correct as of 7/24)
The club with the most distinct nationalities is El Paso Locomotive, with 15. They also have the fewest American players, at 5. Their roster includes 5 Americans, 3 Englishmen, 2 Mexicans, and 1 each: Canadian, Jamaican, Brazilian, Irish, Scottish, Cameroonian, Colombian, Spaniard, DR-Congolese, Haitian, Dutch, and Belgian.
In the reverse, the least-diverse (in terms of nationality) is LA Galaxy Jr. with just 5 nations represented. 20 Americans, 2 Mexicans, and 1 each Ghanaian, Liberian, and Sierra-Leonean.
El Paso, Pittsburgh, and Tampa Bay each have 12 nations represented by just 1 player in their squad, more than any other teams. These aren't necessarily the only players of their nation in the league, but speaking of which...
No less than 37 nations have just one player across all 35 USLC clubs. That means that ~44%, or almost half the nations represented, have just 1 player. The next 37 nations, which range from 2 to 8 players, represent 154 individuals.
The remainder of the post will highlight these 37 players who are either the only players in the USLC from their respective countries, or the only ones who play for that country, due to FIFA eligibility rules. A player could theoretically be eligible to play for 8 different national teams, if: all 4 grandparents, both parents, and the player were all born in different countries, and the player has held residency for 5 years after turning 18 in yet another country. But anyway... Afghanistan: David Najem(New Mexico Utd.)
Originally from New Jersey, Najem only recently debuted for Afghanistan, so far making 3 appearances. He and his brother Adam are eligible through their father. Both David and Adam played in the USLC last season, but with the latter's move to the Polish league, David is the only Afghan international in the league.
Albania: Vangjel Zguro(FC Tulsa)
Hailing from the city of Pogradec, Tulsa's left wing-back (?) started at his hometown club, followed by several short stints at other domestic teams. He first moved abroad in 2019 with USL1's Chattanooga Red Wolves; he has yet to debut for his current side, or his national team.
Andorra: Joan Cervós(Colorado Springs Switchbacks)
Though I haven't checked exhaustively, I suspect that Colorado Springs' left-back is the first Andorran player for a professional U.S. team. Even if he's not, he's almost certainly the first Andorran goalscorer in professional American soccer. He received his first international call-up in 2018, becoming first-choice and taking part in 16 of 19 games since then for the small Iberian nation.
Austria: Daniel Fischer(Saint Louis FC)
The young left-back came up through the youth system of Austrian side SKN St. Polten, he played college ball for Young Harris in Georgia, spending a summer with Cincinnati Dutch Lions in the PDL. At 23 years of age, he's yet to appear for his current club.
Azerbaijan: Rufat Dadaşov(Phoenix Rising)
The only current player from the countries in the Caucusus, Dadaşov spent his entire career around the German lower leagues, before moving to Phoenix before this season. He made an impact immediately, netting a hat trick in their first game of the season and assisting one against OCSC. He's also played 24 matches for his country, netting 5 goals (all against red-and-white flags: Qatar, 2 vs Malta, Northern Ireland, and Bahrain).
Belgium: Chiró N'Toko(El Paso Locomotive)
Though born in Kinshasa, Zaire, N'Toko holds Belgian citizenship, the only such individual in the USLC. The 32-year-old moved to El Paso for the 2019 season, and has become club captain. Most of his career has been in the Netherlands, with short stints in his home Belgium, England, and Slovenia.
Bermuda: Zeiko Lewis(Charleston Battery)
Though not technically an independent country, Bermuda is a full member of FIFA, and Battery forward Zeiko Lewis is the only of that island currently in the USLC. A USL veteran, Lewis played for the Bermuda Hogges, Real Boston Rams, and Energy Drink Jr. before spending the 2018 season in Iceland, returning to the league with Charleston in 2019. A senior international, he has 26 caps and 9 goals to date, including a hat trick against Dutch possession Sint Maarten.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Robert Kristo(North Carolina)
Born in Bosnia but raised in St. Louis, Robert Kristo translated a successful collegiate career into spells in the Italian Serie C and the 3. Bundesliga. Joining the artist formerly known as the RailHawks, he's scored 12 in 30 since the start of 2019. He hasn't been called up to the national team to date.
Bulgaria: Vilyan Bijev(Sacramento Republic)
The Bulgarian midfielder, raised in California, has had something of a journeyman career. With youth spells at California Odyssey and Liverpool, he spent time on loan in Germany and Norway. He spent time back in Bulgaria, moving to Portland Timbers Jr., but he's spent more time at Republic than any previous team. Eligible through his residence, he's capped at youth levels for both the United States and Bulgaria, but is yet to make a senior appearance for either.
Burundi: Chancel Ndaye(Las Vegas Lights)
Born in Bujumbura, the 21-year-old right-sided defender moved to Las Vegas before the start of the season from the Czech Republic. Despite his age, he debuted for his nation at the Under-20 level at 17, and the senior level aged 19. His caps are in the U-20 AFCON, senior CECAFA Cup, and a friendly against Djibouti.
Cabo Verde: Steevan Dos Santos(Pittsburgh Riverhounds)
The Cape Verdean striker joined Pittsburgh ahead of the previous season, where he played nearly every game, scoring 10 and assisting 6 as they won their conference. The 30-year-old had a diverse career before coming stateside. Starting off at hometown club CS Mindelese, he spent a spell in Norway with Ull/Kisa before 2 seasons with Angolan side Progresso. He played briefly for Rochester Rhinos and Ottawa Fury, before becoming a key player at his current club.
Congo: Brunallergene Etou(Charlotte Independence)
Though born in Brazzaville, defensive midfielder Etou began his career in France, playing for lower-league sides Drancy, Le Havre Reserves, and Mont d'Or before "going pro" with Ligue 2 side Béziers. He joined Charlotte ahead of this season, and made his debut in their opening win against Sporting Kansas City Jr. Aged 26, he has yet to break into his national team.
Côte d'Ivoire: Jean-Christophe Koffi(Memphis 901)
The young midfielder hails from Côte d'Ivoire's capital city, Abidjan. After moving to the U.S. in childhood, he spent time in D.C. United's youth setup, before a collegiate career at University of Virginia. He joined Energy Drink Jr. for last season, starting 26 of his 27 appearances, before joining Memphis ahead of this season. He is not capped internationally at any level, but could potentially play for either his birth nation or the U.S.
Curaçao: Ayrton Statie(Reno 1868)
Born in the Dutch Caribbean island of Bonaire, the left-back plays internationally for Curaçao. I couldn't specifically find information regarding his eligibility; Bonaire is a municipality of the Netherlands, which is a constituent country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands along with Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten. Bonaire has a team, but it isn't a FIFA member. It's confusing. Nonetheless, after playing in the Dutch second division and briefly in Azerbaijan, Reno brought him in for the 2020 season. He has yet to appear for the Nevadan team.
Dominican Republic: Rafael Díaz(Sacramento Republic)
Backup goalkeeper for Sacramento Republic, Rafael Díaz has spent his entire career in the lower leagues of American soccer. From the PDL and NPSA, he moved to Energy Drink Jr., playing 21 times in the league across 3 seasons. Since joining Sacramento in 2018, he's played 8 times across all competitions. Uncapped internationally, he's nearly a decade younger than his nation's first two choices, so there's still hope!
French Guiana: Thomas Vancaeyezeele(Pittsburgh Riverhounds)
Born in Caen in France, Vancaeyezeele spent his youth career with his hometown club, having short spells at lower-league French and Spanish sides before attending the University of Charleston. He played for the now-defunct Florida Adrenaline, and Mississippi Brilla, before joining Pittsburgh following a trial spell. Internationally, he represents French Guiana, eligible through his grandparents. Though they aren't a FIFA member as a department of France, they participate in CONCACAF competitions, and he's played in the Nations League.
Grenada: Arthur Paterson(Charleston Battery)
A Florida native, Paterson played for Wright State in Ohio, he was passed up by NYCFC and landed at Bethlehem Steel, where he played a single match in 2018. At Charleston ever since, he was an important part of their 2019 playoff push at left-back, scoring 4 and assisting 2 in 23 matches across all competitions. Eligible through his father, Paterson has 9 caps for Grenada, with 4 goals in Nations League play. In his last match against Belize, he ran out as captain.
Italy: Daniele Proch(North Carolina)
Somehow, Daniele Proch is the only USLC representative from the great footballing nation of Italy. Coming up through academy systems in the north of his home country, he spent time at Serie D side Dro before playing at Catawba and Duke in the U.S. Signing with NCFC ahead of this season, it's his first fully professional contract. The forward debuted in the season opener, coming on as an 87th-minute substitute.
Lesotho: Napo Matsoso(Louisville City)
Originally from Maseru, capital of the small southern African enclaved nation, the 26-year-old midfielder attended and played for University of Kentucky in Lexington. Spending a few summers on loan at Derby City Rovers and Reading United, he was a draft pick for New England Revolution, though he never appeared for the senior team. Joining Lou City from Mississippi Brilla in 2018, he's since appeared 29 times in all competitions, scoring 5 in the USLC. For his nation he's played twice, though not since 2017; Lesotho mainly draws from their domestic league and their neighbor, South Africa.
Malawi: Yamikani Chester(Las Vegas Lights)
25-year-old striker Yamikani Chester played for domestic clubs Tigers and Mighty Wanderers, he signed with Czech side Vyskov, immediately taking a loan spell at North Carolina FC for 2019. At the end of that campaign he signed for LV Lights. To date, he's only made one appearance for the Vegas side, an 86th minute sub in a 2-1 loss to San Diego. He has 10 caps for his national side, but he's been limited to qualification tournaments, as Malawi rarely competes outside regional cups.
Mauritius: Ashley Nazira(San Diego Loyal)
Starting out at domestic club Boulet Rouge, he led the league in scoring four of his five seasons. He signed with San Diego ahead of their inaugural season, uniquely becoming the first Mauritian professional in American soccer. However, he has yet to appear for Donovan's side, making the squad just once as an unused substitute. He debuted for the island nation in 2015 aged 20, and has appeared in 16 matches with 7 goals since.
Montenegro: Emrah Klimenta(San Diego Loyal)
Montenegrin utility defender Emrah Klimenta was born in Yugoslavia, but is eligible for the modern nation as the successor of the former federal state. Having grown up in the United States, he came through the youth systems of Slovakian side Zilina and FC Ingolstadt of Germany. His entire senior career has been in California, except a brief stint at Reno. From the now-defunct NPSL Bay Area Ambassadors, he found success at Sacramento Republic from 2014 to 2017. After a brief spell at LA Galaxy, he moved back to Sac for the rest of 2018, before helping Reno in their playoff push in 2019. After debuting in 2016, he's racked up 7 caps for his nation.
Morocco: Younes Boudadi(Reno 1868)
Born in Ypres, Belgium, Boudadi came up through the youth teams of Bruges before moving stateside for the college game. Spending 2 years each at Boston College and Creighton, he spent summers playing with PDL side Boston Bolts, and NPSL team Laredo Heat. Eligible through heritage (I couldn't find a good source), he's represented Morocco at Under-17 and Under-20 youth levels, most prominently in their appearance at the 2013 U-17 World Cup, helping them win their group before exiting in the round of 16.
Niger: Abdoul Kairou Amoustapha(Loudoun United)
Aged just 19, the Nigerien forward joined the DC United reserves earlier this year from Niamey club ASN Nigelec. I can barely find any information on this player, but he hasn't made the matchday squad in either of their games this season. He has, however, made appearances for Niger at Under-17, -20, and -23 levels. He was in the squad for their appearance at the 2017 U-17 World Cup in India. He featured as a substitute in a 4-0 group loss to Spain and started a 2-0 loss to Brazil. Advancing on third-place ranking, he was an unused sub in a round of 16 loss to Ghana.
North Macedonia: Xhelil Asani(Pittsburgh Riverhounds)
Though just 24 years of age, left-wingback Asani has built a diverse CV of clubs. Brief stints in lower-league Macedonian teams Napredok, Vellazerimi 77, Bylis Barish, and Metalurg Skopje preceded his first move abroad to Maltese top-flight Pembroke Athleta in 2016, and again to Torpedo Bel-AZ Zhodino in Belarus before returning to his home country with Shkendija. As if that weren't enough, he played briefly at Mash'al Mubarak in Uzbekistan, Mladost Doboj Kakanj in Bosnia, and SKA Khabarovsk in the ass-end of Russia before finally joining the Pittsburgh team before this season. He's made the bench 4 times, but has yet to debut. I'm exhausted after writing that.
Palestine: Nazmi Albadawi(North Carolina)
Born in Raleigh, he played for North Carolina schools Wake Tech and NC State, spending summers with the RailHawks' U-23 side. He moved up to the senior team in 2014, appearing over 100 times in all competitions before a move to FC Cincinnati ahead of their final USL season. Scoring 11 in 31 from attacking midfield, he stayed with the Ohioans in their MLS expansion, though he was loaned back to NCFC after one MLS appearance. He made his return permanent before this season, and has captained one of his two appearances this season. Eligible for Palestine through his parents, he's played for the west Asian team 9 times, scoring the winner against Pakistan on his debut.
Paraguay: Erik Lopez(Atlanta United Jr.)
On loan from his hometown Club Olimpia, the 18-year-old striker joined the Atlanta reserves on loan just earlier this month, and is set for a permanent move in 2021. He has yet to appear for the club, though in 2019 he appeared 16 times for Olimpia, scoring 4 in the league. He's already played for Paraguay at the Under-23 level, featuring in 2 losses during CONMEBOL Olympic qualification.
Philippines: Niko de Vera(Portland Timbers Jr.)
Born in Washington state, young left-back Niko de Vera spent time in the Portland Timbers youth setup before playing 60 games over 3 years at University of Akron. Playing with the Timbers' U-23 team in the PDL, after college New York Energy Drink drafted him, and he played for their USL reserve team in 2018. He returned to the Timbers organization ahead of the 2019 season, playing for the 2-team ever since. Eligible through his father, he was called up for World Cup qualification in 2019. However, he has yet to debut, making the bench just once, against China.
Poland: Dariusz Formella(Sacramento Republic)
Hailing from Gdynia on Poland's Baltic coast, left-winger Formella made his professional start at his hometown club, Arka Gdynia in the Ekstraklasa, in the 2012/13 season. He was then employed by Polish giants Lech Poznan from 2013-2018, but with several short loan spells back to Arka, Pogon Szczecin, and Rakow Czestochowa, where he earned valuable playing time. The last of these signed him permanently for 2018/19, but he came stateside and joined Sacramento ahead of 2019. He's played 15 times for them so far, including 2 goals against Tacoma the other week. He's progressed through the Polish national youth levels, appearing for the U-16, -17, -18, -19, -20, and -21 teams. He has yet to make his senior debut.
Russia: Valeri Saramutin(Austin Bold)
Born in Camden, New Jersey, he's eligible for Russia through his parents. Aged 25, he graduated Dynamo Moscow's youth academy to debut for the senior team, also playing for the reserve team. On Dynamo's books from 2012-2017, he moved to Dynamo St. Petersburg, playing in the Russian second division in 2017/18 before a brief stint with Veles Moscow in the tier below. He's been with the Texan club since their inaugural campaign, playing 30 games in midfield in their playoff push and their Cup run. For Russia, he's appeared at Under-16, -17, -18, and -19 levels.
Rwanda: Abdul Rwatubyaye(Colorado Springs Switchbacks)
Sandwiched between Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of he Congo, the small nation Rwanda only has one player in the USLC. Abdul Rwatubyaye, aged 23, started out in the youth system of Armee Patriotique Rwandaise, one of several major clubs in the capital, Kigali. He made his professional debut at crosstown club Isonga, before moving back to A.P.R., and eventually to Rayon Sports for a season. An MLS prospect, he joined Sporting KC early in 2018, making 2 appearances for the senior team and 1 for the reserves before moving to Colorado mid-season. Since joining the Switchbacks, he's played 25 games at center-back, scoring 4 along the way. Internationally, he's played 25 times, becoming a regular since his debut in 2015.
Serbia: Ilija Ilić(Indy Eleven)
Born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia in what's now Serbia, Ilić progressed through the youth teams in his hometown, including a brief loan to third-division side FK Sopot. After a collegiate career at Young Harris, with summer spells at PDL side Ocala Stampede, he joined Louisville City in 2015. He quickly became a regular in attack, with 91 appearances in all competitions from 2015-2018, helping them to two consecutive postseason titles. Joining Indiana's capital team ahead of 2019, he hasn't found the same success, playing just 22 times since. He has not yet been capped by Serbia.
St. Kitts and Nevis: Atiba Harris(Oklahoma City Energy)
The oldest player on this list, the 35-year-old defender is a veteran of MLS. After brief employment in Spain at the start of his career, he joined Real Salt Lake for the 2006 and 2007 seasons. Staying in MLS, he was an important player for several teams in one or two-year spells. After a second spell with FC Dallas, playing 84 league games between 2015-2017, he spent the first half of 2018 at Mexican third-tier side Murcielagos, before joining OKC midway through the season. He's become a key player ever since, becoming club captain in 2019 and appearing in nearly every game for them since. He also captains his national team, appearing dozens (I keep seeing conflicting figures, but at least 41) times since 2003. Notably, he scored a hat-trick in the nation's joint-best-ever result, 10-0 over Saint Martin in the Nations League.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Kyle Edwards(Rio Grande Valley Toros)
At just 23 years old, the right-sided midfielder has already had a diverse playing career. Starting out at domestic club System 3 aged 16, he moved abroad to Antigua & Barbudan club Grenades from 2015-2017. Concurrent with his college career at Ranger College and UT-RGV in Texas, he played for PDL teams Houston Dutch Lions and Brazos Valley, before signing with RGV Toros ahead of the 2020 season. He's had just 3 of their 5 games this season, but he is a senior international, debuting in 2014, aged 17. He's earned 15 caps, mostly in friendlies, and has yet to score for his nation.
Tanzania: Ally Hamis Ng'anzi(Loudoun Utd.)
Born in Mwanza and raised in Dar es Salaam, the 19-year-old midfielder signed for DC United's reserves ahead of the current season. He began his career at domestic club Singida United, he signed for Czech third-tier Vyskov in 2018. His first move to American soccer was a loan spell at Minnesota United, who in turn loaned him to USL1's Forward Madison for 2019, where he played a handful of matches. He has yet to play for his current club. He's represented his nation at Under-17 and U-20 levels. He's also trained with the U-23 team, though hasn't appeared at that level yet.
Togo: Shalom Dutey(Charlotte Independence)
The young left-back is in his first professional contract, after playing college ball with nearby Liberty University. Born to Togolese parents and raised in Charlotte, he spent a spell with USL2 side Charlotte Eagles in the 2019 season. At just 22 years of age, I haven't found much information about him. While he hasn't yet played for his USL team, he's earned several honors in his youth career, including high school All-American, and USL2 Southern Conference Team of the Season.
Turks and Caicos Islands: Billy Forbes(Austin Bold)
The 29-year-old Turks and Caicos Islander has spent his entire career in the American lower leagues. Coming through Western Texas College and Lubbock Christian University, he played for PDL Mississippi Brilla for a summer after graduation, before moving to now-defunct WV King's Warriors in West Virginia, also of the PDL. He moved to NASL team San Antonio Scorpions for 2014 and 2015, their last two seasons of existence, before moving to Rayo OKC in 2016. He first came to the USL with San Antonio FC in 2017 and 2019, with a season at Phoenix in between. He signed for Austin ahead of this season, making two substitute appearances so far. He debuted for his nation in 2008, appearing 13 times, 8 as captain.
Phew. I started writing this post a week ago today, and a couple players have joined USL clubs since then, but none with unique nationalities. If there's anything to be learned here, it's that A) a lot of these players are defenders, and specifically left-backs for some reason, and B) I should have broken this up into smaller, more manageable pieces. For my next project I'm doing an overview of football in EU overseas territories. Because why not.
2020.07.27 13:59 killroy200The Racist Origins and Painful Legacy of Atlanta's Zoning
I'm going to start this post off with a few disclaimers:
A good amount of my information comes from The Color of Law, by Richard Rothstein. I tried to find as many direct sources for the relevant topics brought up in the book as I could, but they weren't always readily availible. I highly encourage you to read the book itself if you want more details and his sources.
While I am going to try to use Atlanta-specific information as much as possible, there are some things that I can only provide evidence for in general, not to mention that I have to discuss this with the wider national historical context as well since Atlanta was but one part of a massive racist horror show.
I am by no means claiming to be an expert on this material. It's just what I have the most supporting information already at had for. Again, if you want to read more details from someone who spent much more time researching than I have, pick up a copy of The Color of Law.
I am by no means claiming that fixing zoning will be the end-all-be-all of segregation legacy, nor that it will singularly solve disparities for minority populations compared to white populations within the city. Undoing the sheer scale of bullshit put in place to codify segregation and racial suppression as it manifests today is an undertaking requiring effort on par with something like the Green New Deal (coincidentally, there can be quite a lot of overlap in with a GND, and that's why climate and social justice are so often packaged with various versions of a GND). Fixing the legacy of racist zoning's impacts is just one part to an incredibly complex system, but it's still one worthy of doing. Gotta start somewhere, right?
Alright, on to the main content... Buckleupkiddos,we'regoingforafuckinride!
Why the Fuck are you Talking About Zoning Right Now‽
The country is, to use an incredible amount of understatement, in a bit of a pickle right now. We're in the midst of a global pandemic that's surging, and resurging within our borders. We're reeling at a seemingly never ending parade of tragedy and failure of composure from the very police forces sworn to protect us. We're dealing with an ever escalating push back and response from a federal government that is attempting to label protesters as terrorists. We've had impeachments, assassinations of foreign political operatives, the emboldenment of out-and-loud racists, foreign bounties on our military, historic Supreme Court decisions, and record stock market crashes. We're staring down the barrel of a depression, and there's a looming climate catastrophe that's been burning in the background of all of this. So why, in the middle of all of this, am I bringing up zoning of all things? How could that possibly be relevant to any of this? Well... as it turns out... quite a bit. See, zoning is one of those core functions of government, generally on the local level but not always, that just kinda exists. It's a long, boring, complicated mess of legal code that just doesn't come up all that often in our every day discussions (unless you're a nerd like me who keeps trying to shove it into every conversation... ahem...). No matter how innocuous or intangible or boring zoning may feel, though, it actually has massive ramifications for how our build environment is shaped. That is literally its job, after all: codifying what is and isn't allowed to be built, where, and how. That build environment then has massive ramifications on a whole pile of social, economic, and environmental issues. A good zoning code balances public desires for safety, health, and environmental protections, while also helping to ensure various amenities are provided, ideally outweighing any downsides of development with benefits to the community at large. Unfortunately, most zoning systems fail at this balance, often focusing on the wrong components as perceived negatives when they're actually benefits, while codifying build requirements that actively make things worse for the communities around them. A bad zoning code can make housing more expensive, make it harder to meet climate and environmental goals, make the general population more sickly, impede the ability of persons to generate generational wealth, and horrendously damage the tax base, making it harder to fund public projects. As it turns out, most of these issues trace back to a few core ideas of the initial model zoning systems, and were originally put in as features of the codes. The intent at the time was mainly focused on creating a few specific negative outcomes, with many of the others having taken decades to fully manifest and be recognized. Yet, the original structure of the codes remain, bureaucratic momentum and an incomplete understanding of justice keeping them in place, dragging out the problems for years and years and years. So what were those features, and what specific negative outcomes were they trying to achieve?
Setting the Stage for Segregation
First, we have to step back, and take a bit of a historical run up to provide proper context. In 1877, Reconstruction ended. Federal troops, who had defeated the Confederacy, packed up and left the south after 12 years of postbellum occupation (14 if you include overlap years of occupation before the war's end). Reconstruction, though certainly not perfect, had been a time of relative empowerment for black Americans. Backed by federal troops, integration and political power was actually in reach. It wasn't 40-acres and a mule, but it was an incredible leap forward as the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were enforced in about as blunt a way as possible: at the muzzle of a rifle. That all came to a painful and tragic end with the election of Republican Rutherford B. Hayes, who had promised southern Democrats the end of occupation in exchange for electoral support. Almost immediately, black Americans suffered a bloody, violent resurgence of oppression, with segregation becoming standard practice, and enforced both at the hands of local law enforcement and mobs of white Americans. Worse yet, as Jim Crow laws and their efforts anchored themselves across the south, previously diverse and inclusive (relatively speaking) parts of the country began to follow suit. All over, towns and cities undertook the effort of removing, or isolating their black populations, using similar tactics learned from the southern states. Like a cancer, segregation spread far and wide, becoming more and more recognized and acceptable. By 1913, freshly elected president Woodrow Wilson and his cabinet approved the implementation of segregation in federal offices, marking about as drastic a change in federal priority as you could take over the course of three and a half decades. It is in this atmosphere of invigorated racist bullshit that zoning rises within the policy consciousness.
The Original Sin of Zoning
As a concept, zoning ordinances within the U.S. were rather new, with the 1908 Los Angeles municipal zoning ordinances being the first of their kind. The LA laws were a formalizing of existing nuisance laws, meant to create separations of land use and buffers between the harmful effects of industries and residences. Though specific business classifications (such as unnecessary prohibition of laundries, which were predominantly owned by Chinese immigrants at the time, in certain areas) did come with racial issues, they were quite tame by the standards of the time, as we're about to see. Prior to the rise of zoning as a popular government effort, it was fairly rare to see actual legal code dedicated towards segregation, instead focusing efforts on government-endorsed vigilantism and governments not enforcing equality laws already in place. This began to change, however. In 1910, a few years before the federal government would make official its office segregation, and two years after the LA zoning system was established, Baltimore became the first city in the nation, (as stated by the New York Times), to create an explicit law mandating the segregation of city areas. The city ordinance dictated that blacks could not buy homes on blocks where whites were the majority, and vice versa. The law was... horribly broken, and judges had to grapple with the complex, integrated reality of the city, trying to adjudicate who could and couldn't live where, or buy property where, creating an incredible mess of legal issues across the city. The practical problems with the law did not stop other cities from copying the effort, though. Invigorated by Baltimore's example, Birmingham, Dade County (Miami), Charleston, Dallas, Louisville, New Orleans, Oklahoma City, Richmond, St. Louis, and others all made their own version of racial segregaition mandates within landuse. Amungst this list was, in fact, the City of Atlanta, whose ordinance virtually copied the Baltimore law, with the added provision that a person of one color occupying a house in a mixed block could object to one of another color moving next door. Unlike the initial LA zoning laws, the systems put in place following Baltimore's example were specifically racially focused, with more familiar zoning laws taking shape in the years to come. These initial racist laws would persist until the 1917 Supreme Court decision that such laws were unconstitutional in Buchanan v. Warley. However... the decision was based around the freedom of individuals to buy and sell property to whomever they wished, rather than a denunciation of segregation within law itself. Many cities simply ignored the Supreme Court ruling, and moved ahead with their segregationist laws, while others claimed that slight variations in the ordinances, such as the difference between block level and larger zoning styles, meant they didn't have to follow the ruling. The City of Atlanta was, once again, one of these cities. In The Atlanta Zone Plan: Report Outlining a Tentative Zone Plan for Atlanta (1922), written by Robert H. Whitten as a consultant for the the City Planning Commission, explicit residential districts were outlined by racial makeup, with R1 as "white residence district", R2 as "colored residence district", and R3 as "undetermined race district". It was nice enough to allow servants' quarters remain open to either race. The plan justifies this by saying:
the above race zoning is essential in the interest of the public peace, order and security and will promote the welfare and prosperity of both the white and colored race.
Additionally, Whitten defended his zoning plan in professional publications by saying that "[e]stablishing colored residence districts has removed one of the most potent causes of race conflict." This, he added, was "a sufficient justification for race zoning.... A reasonable segregation is normal, inevitable and desirable." Here is a map of the proposed zoning system within the then city limits. You can get an idea of just how limited housing areas for blacks were, just how much of the city was to be dedicated to single family housing compared to apartments, and how relegated commercial uses would be. Incidentally enough, this is where the City of Atlanta begins to see a zoning code similar to modern codes. We'll get to that in a moment. For now, note how closely this map matches some of the racial demographics of the city today, oh, and (just coincidentally I'm sure) how the largest 'Colored District' in the city was to be essentially bordered on three sides by industrial areas. Other zoning maps from the same time would go further with encroaching industrial zones, limiting colored areas, and limiting apartment areas. CanIjusttakeamomenttosayhowmuchIfuckinglovetheAtlantaHistoryCenteranditsarchives?Okay,movingon. At the same time that Atlanta was ignoring its constitutional duty to not segregate its people, the federal government was stepping into the zoning game. In 1921, then Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover organized an Advisory Committee on Zoning to develop a manual explaining why every municipality should develop a zoning ordinance, with an eventual goal of developing model legislation that could be easily adopted. This committee had such members as Frederick Law Olmsted, who argued in 1918 that not only were certain housing types "coincident with racial divisions", and, since it was undesirable to "force the mingling of people who are not yet ready to mingle", great care should be take not to mix housing types, and Irving B. Hiett, who was the president of the National Association of Real Estate Boards, an organization who would produce a code of realtor ethics stating that "A Realtor should never be instrumental in introducing into a neighborhood... members of any race or nationality... detrimental to property values" just a few years later. By 1922, the committee had developed A Zoning Primer, which argued that zoning was required to preserve property values, and which was widely distributed across the country. The policies would push out wide and far across the nation, following the federal government's example.
Pretending as if Racist Plans Aren't
In 1924, the Georgia Supreme Court struck down the City of Atlanta zoning code due to its racial components. Despite this, the underlying plan and map developed with segregation in mind, would act as the basis for future plans. Indeed, there are many overlaps with the 1922 plan, and even zoning designations today. Keep Whitten's and the Zoning Commission's mentalities concerning the importance of racial segregation when looking back through the rest of the initial Atlanta zoning proposal. It provides leading anecdotes (without apparent supporting evidence beyond some photographs that don't really seem to match the narrative) of the dangers of mixing small stores, and low-rise multi-family housing with lower densities, primarily focusing on the perceived loss of value of adjacent properties, while framing the persons who make such developments as greedy speculators only out for a quick buck (rather than look at the economic benefit to the store owner, the new access to the store that surrounding areas get, and the housing relief the apartment dwellers experience). Still without apparent evidence, the proposal makes sweeping, generalized statements about the need to preserve neighborhoods' character, and preserve property values. It proposes to do this by dividing the city into use, height, area, and race categories, with each mixing with the others to dictate specific allowances. The racial categories were removed, yet the remainder of the plan's suggestions would persist. Even in 1917 it was understood that density was a major component of affordability. Special City Plan Adviser for the City Plan Commission of Cleveland Ohio Robert H. Whitten's essay The Zoning of Residence Sections, where Olmsted argued the merits of preventing the mixing of people and their racially pre-dis-positioned housing preferences, outright states:
We want to distribute the population as much as practicable, but at the same time we do not wish to force people who for business or other reasons need to live close to the central business sections either to pay very high rents or to go to much less convenient locations. As a city reaches metropolitan size, the demand for housing space near the central area becomes so great that the only way to make that location available to any but the wealthy is to permit a more intensive utilization of the land. Were it not for the ability to pile one dwelling on top of another, rents would be prohibitive in these central locations for the great mass of the people.
Even while expounding on the virtues of low-density housing, Whitten takes effort to acknowledge the economic need for multi-family housing to maintain affordability. Yeah, it's done in a condescending way where he can only imagine a case where being adjacent to the central business district is a legitimate reason for housing density, but he at least still accepts it as reality. Yet, dwelling house districts, from which apartment houses would be excluded, were to include the larger portion of the area of Atlanta, and were to primarily be made up of the largest area class, requiring at least 5000 sqft per family of lot area. The code outright targets 2-3 story buildings with families living over a store (generally which they would operate) as being undesirable, and thus is explicitly designed to prevent such outcomes. All of these things drove up the per-house price, requiring a family to pay for a significant amount of land, as well as an individual house, in the majority of the city's residential area. In the maps I linked above, you can see just how few areas were allowed to have apartments compared to the wider single-family zones. The federal zoning primer includes similar sentiments, telling an anecdote of how an apartment house built next to a home would destroy values by becoming 'a giant airless hive, housing human beings like crowded bees', as well as lumping 'sporadic stores' in with 'factories or junk yards' as a contributing factor of blight within a residential neighborhood. It's important to note that none of these codes tried to make improvements to living conditions through legislation like building codes, which could have helped prevent the squalor conditions that were so readily associated with apartments, and which had been present in the U.S. since at least 1859, in Baltimore, choosing instead to essentially quarantine apartments to prevent their spread into single family areas. As I laid out above, these are all value judgements made by people who viewed the mixing of races as something to avoid, as something that itself would contribute to a loss of property values (rather than recognize that self-fulfilling white panic, was the actual source of value drop, and that the constrained black populations were willing to pay higher prices because there were so few homes they could even get into, actually raising prices), and even made racial connections to types of housing to keep separated. But, because of the insistence of the courts, their policies were forced to take on an air of race neutrality. Thus, explicit race-based zoning was stripped from the codes, and the far more familiar forms of space and use based zoning were established. Those forms just so happen to harshly restrict the kinds of housing openly accepted as being affordable to the masses, and, in particular, the demographics of people who were least economically able to choose elsewhere. As the federal zoning primer said: Zoning Is Legal This is not to say that exclusionary zoning was not without its legal challenges, of course. In the 1926 Supreme Court case of Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co., 272 U.S. 365, the court upheld the constitutionality of exclusionary zoning, using as part of its opinion the argument that "very often the apartment house is a mere parasite", and that, if allowed to mix with single-family houses, "come very near to being nuisances". The case was brought to the Supreme Court as an appeal to a U.S. District Court of Ohio ruling against the constitutionality of exclusionary zoning, stating that "the blighting of property values and the congesting of the population, whenever the colored or certain foreign races invade a residential section, are so well known as to be within the judicial cognizance." Essentially, while the Supreme Court decided that exclusionary zoning was based on inherit issues with mixing building types (even though 1) the issues aren't inherit, and 2) the exclusion argument is based on a slippery slope fallacy), the District Court had (correctly) identified an underlying racial motivation for preventing mixing.
When the Pretending Becomes More Overt
Were all else equal, we might be able to ignore the initial racial components of exclusionary zoning, and merely call the resulting codes classist (the reality is that racism and classism were/are tightly intertwined, with each giving perceived justification to the other), but things weren't equal. The median household income for a black family in 1947 (the earliest year I could actually find data) was just 51% of a white household (it was only up to ~63% in 2018). Even though modern discussion around apartments tends to bemoan the 'luxury' branding, and how accurate it may or may not be, the hard reality is that living in an apartment is cheaper than buying a house, at least in the immediate. For lower income people, it's pretty much the only option. For poor, and thus disproportionately black, people, the primary need for housing affordability was in the form of apartment buildings and residential density, even if that was only desired as a stepping stone. But that's not what the zoning system provided. Overwhelmingly, the city's land was designated for single family homes. Large lots, and individual homes drive up the per-unit costs of housing, locking poorer people out of being able to buy into neighborhoods. Worse yet would be the zoning systems of suburban and smaller towns, which would eliminate the ability to build apartments all together, essentially locking lower income, and thus disproportionately black, persons from being able to relocate there at all. This lead to crowding in the limited apartments, and, since the building codes hadn't been adequately updated to actually prevent it, the very slum conditions used as a justification for preventing apartments in the first place became self-fulfilling. Of course, not all black people were so poor that they couldn't afford to buy a single-family home, and quite a few did look to leave the limited availability of apartments. They were not met well, and indeed, in the years following the installation of exclusionary zoning systems, the federal government would essentially codify black exclusion from single-family neighborhoods, with cities clinging to the federal policies as justification for blocking black and integrated housing. Property (particularly home) mortgages used to be very, very different than how we think of them today, which locked many people out of the ability to get them. High-interest rates, huge down-payments, interest-only payments, and short (5-7 year) payback periods. These terms kept middle and low class persons (of all races) from being able to afford to buy property. As part of the New Deal, the Home Owners' Loan Corporation was established. The loan system was restructured to be closer to the lower rates, lower down-payments, overall payment, and long-term periods we're more familiar with today. Additionally, many existing mortgages were bought and restructured to save property owners from foreclosure. In the process of this, though, HOLC wanted an inventory of risk across the nation, so it could manage these new loan terms without crippling itself financially. This is where the kinda okay policy stopped. The risk inventory was carried out by local real estate agencies, who had national ethics codes and local policies for their agents to explicitly consider race when evaluating risk. So much so that they were actually under direction to maintain community segregation when otherwise selling properties. The inventory took the form of color-coded maps, where red sections on the map represented high-risk (don't loan people money / bail them out here). Many, many of these red areas were based on racial prejudice, with even wealthy / middle class integrated or black communities being rated far worse than equivalent income white areas. Here is a database of maps across the U.S., overlaid against modern areas. Here's a fun game: compare the Redlining Map for Atlanta to the initial racial zoning map! No it's not a 1-1 match, but it gets awfully close, particularly if you start to include initially designated areas for apartment buildings. This entire mess was made even worse with the establishment of the Federal Housing Authority, which was intended to insure private bank loans to first-time home buyers. Even though the FHA had its own auditing system separate from the HOLC, it still had direct segregation and whites-only policies. Additionally the FHA very specifically did not insure mortgages within urban centers. This meant that both HOLC and FHA services were denied to nearly the same areas: black or integrated neighborhoods, most often in urban centers. The FHA justified its racial rules by claiming that black people ruined property values. This was actually backwards, as the limited options available to black people meant that black and integrated properties were in high demand, and thus could be sold at a much higher price. What did happen, though, was 'block-busting'. So, because the FHA (and other organizations) continuously sold the idea that black people ruined property values, as well as the base-level racism, this left white neighborhoods vulnerable to manipulation. Speculators would buy up properties in blocks on the border of black / integrated and white areas, and then rent / sell them to black people. These speculators would also hire black people to walk around white neighborhoods asking about home sales, and looking like they lived there. Then the speculators would go around warning white property owners that their housing values would tank with all the black people moving in, and make stupidly low offers, buying out white properties well below the actual value (this is where the FHA was getting its data). Then the speculators would turn around and, because there were so few other options, sell the same properties above their actual value to black people at bad rates. This drove up costs for black people who otherwise just wanted a home, and the high prices contributed to perpetuating poverty and again creating self-fulfilling slum conditions. Many cities, private lenders, and other government agencies (like Veterans Affairs) anchored their lending and development approval processes on the FHA backing of home loans, which meant that blacks were barred from even the opportunity to really leave parts of the city within which they lived. It's worth reiterating that the HOLC and FHA policies were targeted directly at owning private homes, working off of a national policy that private homes were less communist than apartments. No, I'm not kidding. The U.S. Department of Labor distributed pamphlets entitled We Own Our Own Home to schoolchildren stating that it was a "patriotic duty" to cease renting, and to buy a house. Millions of posters were printed, and hung in factories and other businesses, while newspaper ads were run throughout the country. This national housing direction propped up single-family residences, and the infrastructure to support them, while leaving pretty much everything else to languish. Then there were the racial covenants, where individual properties were made unavailable to black people by deed restrictions, and which were often implimented on neighborhood scales. Then there was the New-Deal, where the Civilian Conservation Corps abided by local segregation policies for its camps and worker housing, further entrenching local segregation. Then there was the issue of cities targeting black and low-income areas overwhelmingly with zoning variances for industry and toxic waste disposal sites, exposing those persons to much higher quantities of toxins and pollutants. Then there was public housing which eliminated mixed-income tenants, was often explicitly segregated, often resisted adding housing for black people, and, when they did add housing open to blacks, located overwhelmingly in already black and poor neighborhoods, effectively concentrating poverty and increasing segregation. Then there were Interstate Highways, which were explicitly used for 'slum clearing' in many cities (including defining slum based on racial makeup rather than socioeconomic status of the persons living there), which were massive transportation subsidies to the very same segregated low-density suburbs already built with federal loan backing while public transportation languished, and which were actually used as physical barriers between parts of the city. Frankly, the list kinda just keeps going, and so I'm not going to try and fit it all. Seriously, go read the Color of Law for more explicit details. My main point with all of these is that, when you combine the initial versions of the zoning codes, the opinions of the people who made them, and the wider reactions and policies that came after the codes proved not to 100% segregate black people from white people, it becomes clear that a major component of the zoning system was established not actually to prevent health or value issues, but rather to maintain the separation of races.
That was a lot of words...
Right, so here's the summary:
After a decade of relative progress, the federal government abandons Reconstruction
Almost immediately, communities, including previously inclusive ones, begin to force their black populations out in a renewed effort of segregation
At first this is done outside of the law, but eventually cities get the idea to literally codify segregation through ordinances
That codified segregation was struck down in the Supreme Court, so cities are forced to find a proxy method of enforcing segregation
Cities used the separating of mixed-use developments and multi-family apartment buildings to create racial segregation through the proxy of economic segregation
When this doesn't work 100%, the federal government established home mortgage support systems that directly excluded black people, preventing them from buying into single-family neighborhoods even if they could afford it
There was a lot of other shit that happened to basically show that zoning was not the unbiased system it was pretending to be
We need to have a hard discussion about zoning policies: their origins, their purposes, and their effects. We need to be prepared to recognize when policies were built on hate, and where they have lead to harm, just as much as we need to be ready to recognize that not every aspect of the zoning system is bad. We need to be willing to change, and be proactive about fixing the failings of previous generations. Ideally for the net benefit of all of us. As part of this discussion, though, we are going to have to really, truly consider what 'character' of this city are valuable. What are tangible goals, what are the potential negative outcomes, and what can be done to mitigate those outcomes, ideally while actually adding to the 'character' of the city. Again, we needs to be willing to change here. Not everything wrapped under the broad umbrella of 'character' is actually worth keeping, particularly given how I could probably copy and paste some of the 'neighborhood character' arguments from the initial racial zoning codes into places like NextDoor or Facebook or even here on Reddit without anyone suspecting they are nearly 100 years old.
2020.07.22 23:02 GhostfacexProdigySOAC and the ESG SPAC ETF
Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) has risengreatly in popularity in recent time. With many factors (including Covid) raising awareness around ESG it would appear there has never been a better time to invest in thismarket trend/values (besides maybe six months ago). Government subsidies,decarbonization,climate change,industrial/infrastructure upgrades, technological advancements,ESG popularity,greenwashing and police brutality are but a few of the catalysts favouring ESG focused companies (ETFs, funds and SPACs like SPAQ/SOAC). The recent growth in EV market,solar stocks,renewable energy, Tesla, theJuneteenth stock’sand thegreen energy market (including SPACs - NKLA SHLL SPAQ) are but a few of the benefiters of this “movement” to date. It’s not just daytrading millennials (beckys/RH) who love this stuff but hedge funds are also benefiting from this trend (that is here to stay). It might be a personal belief of mine coupled with my passion for environmentalism but market trends do not lie (although can pop) – and if I can profit from this, why not? SPAQSHLLSOACFMCIBMRGHCCHNKLA BLNK DGLY SOLO EVSI NIO UONE BYFC FMCI BYND RUN WKHS TSLASHRM.. - a few quick/recent examples of companies with strong ESG verticals absolutely crushing the market. I watched the rise of DKNG (Atlanta fan haha) and NKLA (no product lol) but took a pass because I didn’tfully understandSPACs at the time - don’t be that guy.. Furthermore, ESG funds tend to outperform traditional investments (during downturns - like covid – and some SPACswere a safe haven (because of something called Escrow). It seems like we need a SPAC ETFESG focused on some of the above mentioned.. more like needed it six months ago?? Very Basic (and inconclusive without further) Market Research: https://preview.redd.it/r2a0g4je3hc51.png?width=548&format=png&auto=webp&s=5ab17bfc1cebe67f38ece9e9e4399839b3d96637 https://preview.redd.it/xabu9rjf3hc51.png?width=602&format=png&auto=webp&s=408fd50b2645515cd3760e728385e382b4415f40 https://preview.redd.it/gp510d7g3hc51.png?width=281&format=png&auto=webp&s=12cf488503cad9336321f35fb44099f573988ed9 https://preview.redd.it/3xniqsgh3hc51.png?width=266&format=png&auto=webp&s=bd8c0717d97d8ae417625dbdc7b44a74fcb2ae65 https://preview.redd.it/kidph1vh3hc51.png?width=556&format=png&auto=webp&s=e0e13d6848b28d1abf9d06445f3a6fbefd627351 https://preview.redd.it/fmsbsebi3hc51.png?width=602&format=png&auto=webp&s=51090c0c51e110690338cfc310f2050c817b8e46 https://preview.redd.it/pfr65yej3hc51.png?width=508&format=png&auto=webp&s=799665192c34b126cc80397d66ee3ebc2096f106 ** all info sourced in links** “A poll … by JP Morgan of 50 global institutions with $12.9 trillion under management found that 71% of respondents felt the economic shock of Covid-19 would increase awareness and actions globally to tackle climate change and “high impact, high probability” events like it. “Over the long run, COVID-19 could prove to be a major turning point for ESG investing,” said Jean-Xavier Hecker and Hugo Dubourg, co-heads of ESG and Sustainability at JP Morgan. “ https://www.barrons.com/articles/spartan-fisker-spac-electric-vehicle-stocks-51594646511?mod=hp_INTERESTS_technology&refsec=hp_INTERESTS_technology The ESG SPAC Space: There are a few (openly) ESG focused SPACs right now - SOAC is arguably the best. When you invest in a SPAC remember – you are investingin the team ie management, UW, legal and institutional backing (follow the money).. Sustainable Opportunities Acquisition Corp.SOAC Structure: 345m - 100% still in Trust 18mo term – I like the short term (maybe we see a CCXX or BMRG early announcement) IPO May 6 2020 – Love the confidence of IPOing in the face of Covid ½ Warrant/Unit Citigroup running the books solo Kirkland and Ellis & Davis Polk and Wardwell are lawyers involved Crescent term threshold of $9.2 Business Proposal: “We believe that there are significant, attractive investment opportunities that exist within industries that benefit from strong Environmental, Social and Governance (“ESG”) profiles. While investing in ESG covers a broad range of themes, we are focused on evaluating suitable targets that have existing environmental sustainability practices or that may benefit, both operationally and economically, from our management team’s commitment and expertise in executing such practices. We believe our management team’s experience allows us to evaluate targets in industries such as manufacturing (including auto, building materials), chemicals, services (including waste, environmental, construction), logistics (including transportation, distribution), technology (hardware, software, devices), agriculture (including biofuels) and energy (with focus on renewable generation, utility services, energy efficiency/management), among others. Furthermore, our target universe could include companies undergoing a transition to increase their environmental sustainability profiles, reflecting an opportunity to bring environmentally sustainable practices to companies that may not have historically been focused on environmental sustainability. We believe there is a wide array of companies undergoing this “brown-to-green” transition in our target universe. Companies in our target universe tend to have stable growth rates and would greatly benefit from access to public market capital.” Management: “The SOAC management team has extensive experience in operating and managing sustainability initiatives within a wide range of companies and industries throughout the U.S.” “Scott Honour (the one and only) serves as the Chairman of our board of directors. Mr. Honour has over 30 years of private equity investment experience and has been involved in over 100 transactions totalling over $20 billion in transaction value. Mr. Honour is Managing Partner of Northern Pacific Group (“NPG”), a private equity firm, which he co-founded in 2012. Prior to that, Mr. Honour was at The Gores Group, a Los Angeles based private equity firm, for 10 years, serving as Senior Managing Director and one of the firm’s top executives. During his time at The Gores Group, the firm raised four funds, totaling $4 billion in aggregate, and made over 35 investments. Mr. Honour also served on the investment committee for The Gores Group. Prior to joining The Gores Group, Mr. Honour was a Managing Director at UBS Investment Bank from 2000 to 2002 and was an investment banker at Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette from 1991 to 2000. Mr. Honour began his career at Trammell Crow Company in 1988. Mr. Honour has served on the board of directors of numerous public and private companies including Solar Spectrum Holdings LLC, Anthem Sports & Entertainment Inc., 1st Choice Delivery, LLC, United Language Group, Inc., Renters Warehouse LLC, Real Dolmen (REM:BB) and Westwood One, Inc. (formerly Nasdaq: WWON), and is a co-founder of Titan CNG LLC and YapStone Inc. Mr. Honour earned a B.S. and B.A., cum laude, in Business Administration and Economics from Pepperdine University and an M.B.A. in Finance and Marketing from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. David Quiram serves as our Chief Financial Officer. Dr. Quiram has over 20 years of leadership experience in technology, strategy and finance organizations with a deep understanding of the chemicals, emerging technology, bioscience and energy sectors. Previously, Dr. Quiram served as Head of Financial Planning and Analysis and Tax at GenOn Energy (“GenOn”) from 2017 until 2019 where he was responsible for standing up the financial and administrative functions of GenOn as a stand-alone entity from NRG Energy Inc. (NYSE: NRG). Prior to that, Dr. Quiram served as Head of Investments for Enterprise Services of Hewlett Packard Enterprise (NYSE: HPE) from 2014 until 2017 where he directed investments into products and services. From 2010 to 2014, Dr. Quiram was with Accenture (NYSE: ACN) as a Senior Manager in their Strategy practice focused on transforming utilities, independent power producers, and energy retailers. From 2006 to 2009, Dr. Quiram worked at multiple roles at TXU Energy starting in finance and later served as Vice President of Retail Pricing and Procurement where he led the pricing and hedging for TXU Energy’s retail portfolio. Dr. Quiram began his career at McKinsey & Co where he worked as an Engagement Manager from 2001 until 2005, and as a Research Scientist at DuPont (NYSE: DD) from 1998 to 2001. Dr. Quiram earned a B.S. in Chemical Engineering with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Rick Gaenzle has agreed to serve on our board of directors. Mr. Gaenzle has over 30 years of private equity investment and corporate finance experience; he is the founder and currently serves as a Managing Director of Gilbert Global Equity Capital, L.L.C., the principal investment advisor to Gilbert Global Equity Partners, L.P. and related entities, a $1.2 billion leveraged buyout and private equity fund. Mr. Gaenzle has spent the last twenty-eight years at Gilbert Global and its predecessor entity, completing over 110 direct equity investments, co-investments and add-on acquisitions for portfolio companies. Previously, Mr. Gaenzle was a Principal of Soros Capital L.P., the principal venture capital and leveraged equity entity of the Quantum Group of Funds and a principal advisor to Quantum Industrial Holdings Ltd. Prior to joining Soros Capital, Mr. Gaenzle held various positions at PaineWebber Inc. Mr. Gaenzle currently serves as a Senior Advisor to Impact Delta, an impact-investing and impact-measurement advisory firm; an Operating Partner of NPG; and Chairman of Lake Street Homes, a single-family rental investment vehicle. Mr. Gaenzle holds a B.A. from Hartwick College and an M.B.A. from Fordham University. Isaac Barchas has agreed to serve on our board of directors. Mr. Barchas is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Research Bridge Partners (“RBP”), a socially-driven investment company, which he founded in 2016. RBP uses both concessionary and nonconcessionary investment to create startup companies based on university research and advance those companies into the venture capital markets. Prior to founding RBP, Mr. Barchas led the Austin Technology Incubator (“ATI”) at The University of Texas at Austin from 2006 to 2016. ATI’s Clean Energy Incubator was the first university clean tech incubation program in the United States. During Mr. Barchas’ leadership, ATI companies raised over $1 billion in the capital markets. Mr. Barchas joined the university from McKinsey & Co., where he worked in the Chicago, Sydney, Auckland, and Dallas offices, from 1996 to 2006 and served on the leadership teams of McKinsey’s North American Healthcare Practice and Global Organization Practice. Mr. Barchas has served on multiple private company boards and on philanthropic boards including Pecan Street Inc., the largest analytically-focused clean energy and climate data consortium in the United States, where he was a founding board member. Mr. Barchas earned a J.D. (honors) and M.A. (Century Fellowship) from The University of Chicago. He received an A.B. from Stanford University (honors and Phi Beta Kappa). Justin Kelly has agreed to serve on our board of directors. Mr. Kelly is currently the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Investment Officer of Winslow Capital Management, LLC (“Winslow Capital”), Nuveen’s center of excellence for growth investing. Mr. Kelly also serves as lead portfolio manager on the firm’s flagship U.S. Large Cap Growth Strategy. Mr. Kelly has been with Winslow Capital for over two decades and has transformed the firm from a single strategy, niche investment firm to a thought leader globally in growth equity investing with four strategies. Prior to joining Winslow Capital in 1999, Mr. Kelly was an equity analyst at Investment Advisors in Minneapolis. Prior to that, Mr. Kelly worked at Prudential Bache, from 1993 to 1996 as Investment Banker, and Salomon Brothers, from 1996 to 1997 as Investment Banker. Mr. Kelly earned a B.S. in Finance/Investments from Babson College. Our management team will be supported by NPG, a technology and business services focused private equity firm based in Wayzata, Minnesota. NPG has considerable experience investing in ESG related portfolio companies with community impact, workplace diversity and integrity, and environmental resource management acting as cornerstones to key investment decisions. NPG has offset its carbon footprintto net zero, achievingCarbonNeutral® status. The partners of NPG have been involved in acquisitions, financings and advisory transactions totaling over $20 billion in transaction value and have significant experience investing across a variety ofeconomic cycles and a track record of identifying high-quality assets, businesses and management teams with significant resources, capital and optimization potential. We believe that we will benefit from NPG’s prior experience.” PRESS RELEASE ESG RESOURCES CEO BREIF INTERVIEW https://www.greenspac.com/ceo-scott-leonard-explains-why-now-is-the-right-time-for-a-spac/ SPAC Risks: SPAC’s tend to be 50/50 after merger IMO Potential EV or ESG bubble might be forming Does anyone have an example of a SPAC in the last 15 years (or later) that hasliquidated and didn’t pay out? (I honestly haven’t looked) I see 0.1% risk in SPAC shares/units long term (thanks to escrow) Final Thoughts: Future (disruptive) ESG companies (like PureCycle) might want to try and avoid previous mistakes (like UBER) by going the public via the SPAC route... Its kind of a thing these days (thank you Covid) and helps them to make more money faster, price their deal properly/more efficiently and gain (those all-important wall street) connections – I see you SPAQ .. also anyone else seespacsdrop in theWSJ? Completely speculative possible ESG SPAC’s – IPOC/IPOB, HCAC/JIH, GMHI/NPA, SBE/ALUS/TDAC, KCAC/SSPK, or JWS/PTSH? Who else are we missing?? Who else will pivot like SHLL, SPAQ, HCCH or get a BlackRock PIPE?? PS: This is not investment advice and I have positions in some of the above. TLDR: ESG trend is here to stay and SOAC is a ESG SPAC **check out the discord link for more resources and tools**
2020.07.22 16:52 InsertUsernameHere02[Event] What are the mayors up to?
While national politics has been quite exciting and fast-paced in recent years in the USA, local politics are quite important as well. The protests after the murder of George Floyd brought significant public interest in the various mayors around the country, many of whom have been thrown out of office as a result. In Seattle, they went so far as to impeach their mayor, resulting in the election of Kshama Sawant as the mayor of Seattle, off of the back of her pro-protesters stance, a promise to control and defund Seattle PD, and a promise to levy controls on Amazon’s outside influence on Seattle. In the 2021 Los Angeles elections, Marriane Williamson has been elected mayor, running on a progressive campaign that was more policy-focused than her 2020 presidential run, but still quite spiritual. Her campaign was significantly helped by the ongoing corruption scandal in the city, which allowed a slate of progressive councillors aligned with her mayoral campaign to run at the same time. One of the major planks of her mayoral campaign was to emulate the Anaheim program under Tom Tait to “make kindness contagious,” stating that “our modern priorities - putting economics above human life - have driven us apart, and as mayor, I will strive to emulate one of the most successful policies intended to bring us together.” Her other promises were a housing guarantee, a more liberal policy towards drugs, and of course a program of replacing a large amount of police work with social workers. Across the country, Andrew Yang was elected to New York Mayor, on similar policies to his own 2020 presidential campaign, focusing on UBI as his central issue. His plan called for the implementation of a UBI experiment in the city, laying out a plan with the experiment starting on his first day in office, which would by the end of his second term result in a city-wide UBI funded by VAT. He has also called for “mayors for a guaranteed income” to become a more formal organisation where data could be stored, shared, and accessed, so that every city could learn from each other, with most of his calls being happily agreed to and followed. He had also been petitioned to call for a tax on Wall Street trading, but ultimately he decided against advocating for it. He also was curiously silent on the issue of policing, saying that “that’s not my area of expertise, but I will bring in multiple people well-versed in the area, who will ensure that police are reformed and careful.” Down south in Atlanta, Killer Mike - famous rapper, who entered politics in support of Bernie Sanders - managed to unseat mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms, focusing on both controlling APD and “Standing up to that - excuse my language - bastard in the governors mansion, who is doing everything he can to keep black men and women away from their right to vote.” A large part of this policy was that “until such a time as a full FBI investigation into the events of the Ossof, Abrams, and 2020 general elections are held - without the records being deleted this time - the Atlanta city government will not cooperate with the undemocratic regime under Brian Kemp.” Mike has also committed to keeping Atlanta in the group “Mayors for a guaranteed income,” an informal group that started in June of 2020, including Atlanta, Pittsburgh, and ten other cities that have been planning UBI experiments, and has supported Andrew Yang’s calls to make it more formal. Meanwhile, The Big Easy, New Orleans, hosted mayoral elections in 2021, seeing well-known activist Malik Rahim take office. Incumbent LaToya Cantrell, the first black woman elected mayor of New Orleans, took office in 2018 and was initially a fairly popular mayor, commended for her efforts in reconstructing neighborhoods still suffering from the economic devastation of Hurricane Katrina, as well as the steps she took to reduce violent crime in her city, and protect vulnerable children. However, following intense protests in June 2020, Cantrell released an open letter criticizing ongoing protests regarding the re-opening of New Orleans in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic (in which the city was a hotspot) as well as the continued systemic racism and police brutality in the American law enforcement system. This letter drew hefty criticism from Cantrell’s main base, who flocked to other candidates in the mayoral primary, which saw over 25 Democratic candidates alone. In the end prison and housing reform activist Malik Rahim won mayorship under the Democratic Party ticket, although he has announced he may consider switching to the Green Party again if it becomes politically viable. As for policy, Rahim plans a complete reform of New Orleans police to require specialized crisis workers on non-criminal calls, a complete re-hire and training for all field duty officers, and a request to the Louisiana state legislature to abolish Qualified Immunity, and a $600 million investment in New Orleans’ impoverished neighborhoods and local community centers. In Chicago, mayor Lightfoot was replaced with David Axelrod in 2023. An ally of former mayor Rahm Emmanuel, Axelrod ran on a totally negative campaign against Lightfoot, focusing on her treatment of protesters during the Long Hot Summer, as well as her handling of the Covid pandemic, and a variety of other mistakes she made - including utilising her disagreements with veteran city alderman Ed Burke to represent her as somebody who had betrayed her roots. Axelrod has promised to maintain Chicago’s membership in the UBI experiments, but has also been closely involved with Bloomberg's Mayor’s Alliance, and has upon entering office began calling for less police accountability and greater funding, primarily maneuvering behind the scenes to keep people from knowing why these measures were being passed through city council with speed and secrecy. He has also been incredibly cooperative with local real estate developers, calling for lessened regulations and the selling off of some public land, saying that this is the only way to combat the rising housing prices in Chicago. In San Francisco, Elizabeth Frank, a political insurgent, ran an outsider campaign for the Democratic nomination and managed to secure it, beating incumbent mayor London Breed in 2022 on a message of racial inclusion and economic freedom. A major plank of the platform was solving the homeless problem, which Frank set about accomplishing with a level of zeal that was unexpected and a bit terrifying. Frank commissioned a new private prison, where large amounts of homeless people were sent to perform what amounted to forced labor. Others were given bus tickets to cross the country. For the rest, a policy of mass hostile architecture was adopted. One of the most striking elements of this was the “safe sidewalks” program, where any sidewalk wider than 2 feet had one or two rows of spikes placed on it, to prevent homeless people from being able to lie down on it. Alongside this, extremely bright lights have been installed in streetlights, to make falling asleep more difficult. Park benches were also all turned into individual seats to prevent people from sleeping on them, and the police have adopted a policy of confiscating and burning the possessions of any homeless person caught sleeping on public policy, which is of questionable legality, but no homeless person has managed to mount a serious legal challenge. In Richmond, Levar Stoney has remained mayor, but has managed to finally seize control over City Council, with the removal of Stephanie Lynch and Kimberly Gray. He has used this majority to push one major project - the provision of public funds to the construction of a new Richmond Arena. The proposal explicitly laid out that it would be funded by the proposed Tobacco tax, which the council planned to implement the next month. However, Stoney changed his mind on the tax (after some behind closed doors lobbying by Altria), slashing the proposed tax significantly. While a couple journalists asked where the money would come from, Stoney ignored them, although it became clear when he cut the incredibly popular public transit programs, which had become a net drain on revenue following the Covid crisis. Across the country, nearly a dozen more mayors - including the mayor of Chicago, Columbus, Mobile, and Portland - have also committed to basic income experiments, joining the still-nascent MGI group. While most of these mayors are the same mayors as were already present, they have clearly felt a large amount of pressure from their constituents following the 2020 summer riots. These mayors have also been implementing piecemeal police reforms and sleight of hand “budget cuts” for their police departments. The biggest major concession forced was in Chicago, where an occupy city hall protest forced the unelected board of education to reconsider its vote on cops in schools. Meanwhile, however, another new type of mayor has been springing up across the country. The case of Dahlonega, Georgia, is a good example of what has been happening in other small towns across the country. The city only has 5,200 people, and 91% of them are white. Mayor Sam Norton - who had been mayor since 2006 - was beaten in the republican primary by the new mayor Dan Halen. Halen, backed by the new Republican Vanguard group, ran on a message eerily similar to that of Mayor Mike in Atlanta - with the rhetoric all targeted at Atlanta. Halen in one ad called for “checkpoints for folks from Atlanta,” and was ‘secretly’ recorded saying “those uppity fucks think they can tell the real people out here how to live,” which was released by a “neutral” news organisation that happened to get a couple of big ad buys a week later from Halen. The release of that coincided with him taking the lead in the primary. Now in power, Halen has made it very clear what his priorities are. He has done his best to keep the city government from regulating development and buildings in the city, which has had little effect, but has made him the friend of the local construction industry. He has also expanded the police force - the main effect of which has been to get a couple more jobs in the city. He’s also been a large supporter of Brian Kemp, and has generally made the town quite a bit more political than it was before. While it has (of course) always been a republican stronghold, the town has become far more active, including monthly public meetings where the mayor and city council explain to the entire town what they are doing that month while a big barbecue happens, followed by an outdoor showing of a movie. Halen has also been a big opponent of President Cuomo, calling him “President satan” among other nicknames. It may seem small and unimportant - after all, Dahlonega only has a couple thousand inhabitants. But there are, quite literally, thousands of these mayors now across the country. They were incredibly cheap to get in, and they are highly loyal to the Republican Vanguard, which has been extremely helpful for their other campaigns - for instance, Halen hosted a candidate for Georgia state house that the Vanguard backed, and as a result the man won his primary. This network now is something that can largely be overlooked - but it will grow into something quite powerful indeed.
2020.07.16 12:07 321Debunking Wagging the Moondoggie - part 1
Wagging the Moondoggie by Dave McGowan is an fourteen-part essay which puts forward the idea that the Apollo moon landings were a hoax. This post will cover the material in the first part. Comparison of Apollo to transatlantic travel. McGowan makes an analogy between the Apollo missions and transatlantic flights. He says:
If the first trans-Atlantic flight had not been followed up with another one for over forty years, would anyone have found that unusual?
Flying across the Atlantic was a far simpler proposition in 1919 than going to the moon was in 1969. The first plane to fly non-stop across the Atlantic was a Vickers Vimy, a WW1 bomber with a range of 900 miles. To make it capable of flying across the Atlantic, extra fuel tanks were added and some changes were made to the undercarriage. These minor modifications to an already-existing plane are not comparable to the effort required to go to the moon. Transatlantic flights were well within the reach of multiple teams by the 1920s. Charles Lindbergh’s Spirit of St Louis, in which he made the first solo non-stop transatlantic crossing, had a budget of $15,000, or around $220,000 in 2019 dollars. Apollo cost $283 billion in 2019 dollars--literally more than a million times more. In addition to the extreme difficulty, the financial returns of moon exploration are far less certain and less easy to realise than the profits made from commercial transatlantic passenger flights. Crossing the Atlantic and going to the Moon are in no way comparable. Comparison of Apollo to a 500mph early automobile. McGowan also makes an analogy between the Apollo missions and someone in the early days of the automobile producing a 500mph car which subsequently disappeared. A 500mph car would have been radically unlike early automobiles, but the gap between the Apollo landings and earlier space exploration is nowhere near as large. Russia crashed a spacecraft into the moon in 1959, demonstrating at the very least that it was possible at that point for rockets to reach and intercept the moon. By 1966 Russia had completed three lunar flybys and an unmanned landing. As for the development of life-support equipment for astronauts, Russia had space suits by the early 1960s and completed a spacewalk in 1965. In the context of these achievements the Apollo landings do not look anywhere near as radical as McGowan’s 500mph car. A more accurate analogy for the moon landings would be the history of the deepest manned ocean dives. In 1960 two divers descended into the Challenger Deep, the deepest point in any ocean, going more than seven times deeper than anyone had been previously. Rather than this historic dive instigating a period of manned exploration of the Deep, nobody went back down there for the next fifty-two years. The Soviets' space budget was half of the USA’s. McGowan asks why the Soviet Union did not land people on the moon before America, or at all, given that they had achieved many other milestones of space exploration first. One answer is that landing people on the moon was more expensive than putting them into space, and the Soviets had less money. The Soviet Union's economy was half the size of America's during the sixties, and the director of the Soviet moon mission, Vasily Mishin, claimed that the he was receiving only half the funding of Apollo. Mishin took over following the death in 1966 of the driving force of the Soviet space program, lead rocket engineer and spacecraft designer Sergei Korolev. The death of Korolev, who had overseen all of the Soviets’ space triumphs up to that point, was a major setback to their lunar ambitions. The Soviets didn’t even decide to race America to the moon until 1964, meaning their underfunded program was also rushed. The rocket they came up with for the purpose, the N1, was a disaster. The four N1 rockets the Soviets tried to launch all exploded#Launch_history). One exploded on the launch pad, destroying it and setting the program back two years. McGowan imagines an argument between two Russians regarding their plans for a manned moon mission. He has a character named Boris saying "But comrade, we are so close to success! " But the truth is the Soviets were a long way from success when they abandoned the program. The Apollo landings were about geopolitics, not science. McGowan spends a long time expressing his incredulity that there have been no manned lunar missions since Apollo. His difficulty in accepting this fact seems to stem from a belief that the Apollo missions were undertaken for purely scientific reasons. But the US would never have spent over a quarter of a trillion in 2019 dollars sending men to the moon purely for the sake of science, especially since it could have done most of the research with rovers, such as the ones Russia landed on the moon in 1970 and 1973, at a fraction of the cost of Apollo. The main reason for landing people on the moon was symbolic, as evidenced by the fact that the landings were televised live around the world. In the 1960s achievement in space stood as a direct surrogate for military confrontation between the two most powerful nations on Earth, nations which were bitterly opposed to each other. The US saw Communism as a direct and imminent threat to freedom and to its way of life. These conditions, with a single science project directly representing a geopolitical triumph with huge propaganda value in an ideological battle between global superpowers, have never been repeated. The space race was a unique time in history, and it was definitively won by the US. It had proven it could put men on the moon, and that it could do it before Russia. Once these things had been proven, there was no need to prove them again. It’s worth noting that the moon landings did not enjoy majority support from Americans during the 1960s. Roger D. Launius, in a paper published in the journal Space Policy in 2003, wrote:
At the end of 1965, the New York Times reported that a poll conducted in six American cities showed five other public issues holding priority over efforts in outer space. Polls in the 1960s also consistently ranked spaceflight near the top of those programs to be cut in the federal budget.
The fact that Apollo received the funding it did despite lacking strong public support shows how important it was to America’s political leaders. No scientific endeavour since could possibly have as much political will behind it as Apollo did. It’s also not true to say that America’s scientists were uniformly behind the space race. Many opposed the fact that it took money away from other research. A report by the President’s Science Advisory Committee in 1958 said:
Many of the secrets of the universe will be fathomed in laboratories on earth, and the progress of our science and technology and the welfare of the Nation require that our regular scientific programs go forward without loss of pace, in fact at an increased pace. It would not be in the national interest to exploit space science at the cost of weakening our efforts in other scientific endeavors.
Despite this perceived importance of other scientific areas, US space science in 1963 took one of every three research dollars--as much as all other non-defense research combined. In a contemporary poll of 113 scientists not connected with NASA, all but three expressed the belief that the lunar program was rushing the manned stage. Philip Abelson, editor of Science, wrote in an editorial in 1963 that unmanned vehicles could explore the moon at a cost “on the order of 1 percent of the cost of the manned variety” (see tenth paragraph here). Abelson said that science wasn’t even a priority for NASA but had been “accorded a secondary priority... underlined by the decision not to have a scientist in the first lunar astronaut crew.” He claimed in a speech the same month that the NASA was using science “as a ‘front’ for technological leaf raking". In other words, the expensive Apollo program was intended as a job-creating stimulus rather than as a serious scientific endeavour. According to “Where No Man Has Gone Before” by W. David Compton, other scientists claimed “the lunar landing program had almost no scientific value and science would be advanced much more by spending the same money on unmanned projects” (see ninth paragraph here). Even NASA Deputy Administrator Hugh Dryden said Apollo was not being pursued “solely on the basis of its scientific content” (same source). This shows that the main motivation behind the Apollo landings was political rather than scientific. It is politicians who decide what science gets funded, and it is a lack of sufficient political motivation which explains why people have not been back to the moon since Apollo. The importance of political will in manned lunar exploration is confirmed by the study NASA carried out in 2017 into putting a crew onto its Exploration Mission-1, which was at that time scheduled to orbit the moon in 2018. The study was carried out at the request of President Trump, who wanted the first manned orbit of the moon since the Apollo era to take place during his first term. One can only assume that Trump was more concerned with the prestige associated with a manned mission than with any scientific benefits. Trump adviser Bob Walker said at the time:
This would be another precursor to ultimately landing. And I think sometime within a second Trump term, you could think about putting a landing vehicle on the moon. It's also a demonstration of our technological competence. At some point, I think the Chinese need to awaken to the fact that the U.S. does intend to maintain its pre-eminence in space. I can guarantee you that if we don’t go ahead and do a program like this, the Chinese are headed in that direction.
His comment is further confirmation, if any were needed, that sending people to the moon is a way to assert global supremacy rather than being important for science. The price of the moon landings. McGowan questions whether expense could be a factor in preventing other countries sending people to the moon, stating that “the 1960s were not a particularly prosperous time in U.S. history”. He implies that the Apollo manned landings could not have been particularly expensive, because the US was able to afford seven of them, and wonders why other countries have not been able to afford even a single one. McGowan doesn’t bother to actually check how much the Apollo missions are reported to have cost, or how much money the US government had during the 1960s. According to the Office of Management and Budget historical tables, the federal government had an average budget at the time of over a hundred billion dollars a year. The Apollo budget peaked at around 3-4 billion dollars a year. While this was a fraction of the governments’ receipts, the total for the program was still huge, amounting to over a quarter of a trillion in 2019 dollars. This is more than enough to discourage any non-superpower from undertaking crewed lunar exploration. McGowan implies that a single manned landing should be significantly less expensive than seven, but the fact is that prior to the manned landings there were sixteen unmanned test flights, each involving the launch of a Saturn-class rocket. There were also four manned flights before the first landing, meaning the number of rockets built up to and including the one used for Apollo 11 was twenty-one of a total twenty-seven. Nine command modules and six lunar modules were also built prior to Apollo 11 for testing purposes. In fact, since NASA has published its yearly expenditure on Apollo, we can estimate how much it would have had to spend just for the first landing by ignoring the costs incurred in the 1970s and dividing the 1969 expenditure in half. This gives a total of $22.74 billion, or $244.8 billion in 2019 dollars--a large chunk of the $283 billion total for the program. The technology of the 1960s. McGowan claims that the 1960s were technological “dark ages”. But the 1960s saw the first video game console, the first supersonic passenger plane, the invention of compact discs, dynamic computer RAM, the Unix operating system, packet switching (used by the internet to this day), and even a public videophone service. And in 1968 Stanford researchers demonstrated a computer with a mouse and graphical user interface, which had desktop sharing and videoconferencing capability. Rather than being technological dark ages, the 1960s were more akin to the Renaissance. McGowan says that technology has advanced so rapidly that if NASA could send people to the moon in the 1960s then, “just about anyone” should be able to do it now. But his argument is illogical, since he accepts that Russia put people into space in the 1960s. If space technology had advanced as radically as he claims, then “just about anyone” should also now be able to put people into space. But even ten years after he was writing, there are still only three nations--the US, Russia, and China--which have put people into space. The US in fact lost the ability to do so with the end of its space shuttle program in 2011 and US astronauts have had to go in Russian rockets since then. Clearly space technology hasn’t advanced as fast as McGowan thinks. McGowan believes it would be particularly easy for America to send people back to the moon, since all the necessary research, development and testing has already been done. But while the technology may not have advanced as fast a McGowan thinks it has, it has advanced--particularly in areas such as computers and electronics. It is unlikely that modern engineers and astronauts would be willing to work with Apollo-era technology when better and safer technology is available, which they are more familiar with. Spending time resurrecting old technology would also mean that the US would fall behind in space research. There is also the issue, pointed out in an online posting by NASA official Paul Shawcross, of “finding vendors who can supply mid-1960's vintage hardware.” Thousands of sub-contractors worked on Apollo and there is no guarantee either that they all still exist or that they have retained the expertise required for the specific tasks they carried out. There is also the problem of changes to facilities. According to Shawcross, “The launch pads and vehicle assembly buildings have been converted to space shuttle use, so you have no place to launch from. By the time you redesign to accommodate available hardware and re-modify the launch pads, you may as well have started from scratch with a clean sheet design”. Smaller distances travelled by modern astronauts. McGowan makes the point that modern astronauts travel much smaller distances than the Apollo astronauts travelled, as if this proved that travelling further must be impossible. All it actually prove is that NASA has been concentrating on things other than the moon since the Apollo era. As discussed earlier, the moon landings were primarily symbolic. Once they were over NASA was able to turn its attention to less expensive, more practical, and more scientifically beneficial projects, which is why it started work on the space shuttle, with the intention of establishing a space station (now the International Space Station). The idea of the space shuttle was that it would bring down the cost of reaching space by being reusable and flying on a regular basis. Without the distorting influence of the desire to beat Russia to the Moon, space science reverted to the course it would probably have followed had the Cold War not happened, concentrating on the far more easily-accessible environment closer to the Earth. Moon force. “Is there no military advantage to be gained by sending men to the Moon?” McGowan asks, but doesn’t delve into any specifics. Establishing a manned military base would likely take up a large part of the US military budget over the course of decades, assuming it could even be done, all for an advantage so poorly defined McGowan doesn’t even hazard a guess as to what it might be. It’s probably safe to assume conventional military spending provides better value for money. Single-stage versus multi-stage rockets. McGowan quotes Werner von Braun, who wrote in 1953 that it would be impossible for a rocket to fly directly to the moon and back, since it would need to weigh 800,000 tons. McGowan points out that the rocket used during the Apollo missions weighed only 3,000 tons, asking how it was possible for it to reach the moon given what von Braun had said. McGowan seems unaware that von Braun was talking about a single monolithic rocket flying from Earth to the moon and back. Von Braun’s point was that this single-stage concept was impractical and that a lunar landing would involve multiple stages, an idea which he introduced in the paragraph following the one quoted by McGowan, where he suggests that a space station could be used as a staging point. But McGowan must have stopped reading before he reached that part as he clearly believes von Braun’s quote about the impracticality of a single-stage rocket is somehow relevant to the Apollo missions, which used multi-stage rockets carrying detachable lunar modules. In fact, when it suits him, McGowan evinces complete ignorance of the Saturn V’s modular design. In Part 13 of his essay he states:
“Back in the good ol’ Apollo days, if I recall correctly, we didn’t need to send so much as a single manned Saturn V into low-Earth orbit before allegedly sending one all the way to the Moon!”
Technically, the parts of the Saturn V which went to the moon were the Apollo lunar modules, which had flown crews in Earth orbit, having been launched on a Saturn IB rocket during Apollo 7. McGowan ignores the fact that the modules were independent of the launch vehicles which carried them and instead seems to imply that the entire Saturn V rocket went all the way to the moon. The missing tapes. McGowan then turns his attention to NASA’s loss of a large number of tapes of data sent to Earth during Apollo 11. McGowan’s theory is that the footage of astronauts in the low-gravity environment of the moon was created simply by playing back footage filmed on Earth at half the normal speed. He suggests that NASA cannot supply the original tapes because they contained the incriminating full-speed footage and were therefore destroyed. “If the broadcast tapes are played back at roughly twice their normal running speed,” he says, “the astronauts appear to move about in ways entirely consistent with the way ordinary humans move about right here on planet Earth.” He fails to link to any video demonstrating his point, but this double-speed video of astronauts on the moon shows his claim to be false. The movement of the astronauts at this speed looks clearly absurd. McGowan complains that the footage broadcast live on television during the landings was filmed from a monitor and states ominously that the original recordings were never broadcast. What he doesn’t mention is that the video pictures from the moon were sent back at 10 frames per second and 320 lines of resolution to save bandwidth, whereas television broadcasts required 30 frames per second and 525 lines. It was literally impossible to broadcast the video pictures as they came back from the moon without converting them by recording them from a specialised monitor. At the time, no other method existed to convert the custom video format into one suitable for television. McGowan says:
“NASA of course has never explained why, even if it were true that the original broadcasts had to be ‘re-shot,’ they never subsequently released any of the actual ‘live’ footage.”
He says this despite the fact that in the previous paragraph he has quoted a Reuters article saying “NASA’s equipment was not compatible with TV technology of the day”. McGowan does not explain why he thinks NASA should have released tapes which nobody in the world had the equipment to play. If he had done a simple internet search he could have easily found this web page, archived as early as 2004, which explains in detail that the pictures from Apollo 11 had to be converted with “specially built scan converters” (in other words, re-shot) in order to be viewable on normal televisions. There was literally no other way to make the footage viewable on anything other than NASA’s own equipment. The reason NASA eventually reused the original tapes is that it suffered a tape shortage in the early 1980s. An internal report in 1981 noted “Landsat magnetic tape requirements have increased substantially... Recent increases of 10 reels per day for DOMSAT and 50 per day by the Image Processing Facility have severely strained both new and recertified tape supply systems.” Tens of thousands of boxes of tapes were reused. Reusing old tapes was preferred as the old tapes were manufactured using whale oil (alternative source here), which had since been banned, and newer tapes made using synthetic oil did not meet quality specifications, being more prone to degradation. NASA would have found it very difficult to carry out any of its missions at the time without reusing the tapes in its archives. The preservation of the Apollo tapes was not considered important, since, as noted by retired NASA engineer Richard Nafzger, “The technology didn't exist to do anything with them other than what was already done at the time they were made." The television pictures which were broadcast at the time of the mission and recorded by television stations around the world were considered to be sufficient for any purpose which could be required of them. The idea that the pictures on the original tapes might be digitised at a higher quality for playback on high-definition televisions would not have occurred to anyone in a world where such technology was decades away from existing. And McGowan’s contention that NASA’s inability to supply the original tapes is due to the tapes being destroyed as part of a cover-up is illogical. Rather than raising suspicion by admitting the tapes were missing, NASA, if it was perpetrating a hoax, would have simply created fake tapes, or if it lacked the ability to create convincing fakes, it could have said the tapes were in storage and could not be examined due to their age and fragility. Or it could have simply said nothing, given that, contrary to what McGowan implies, it’s unlikely that anyone who hadn’t worked on Apollo gave the tapes even a moment’s thought until the announcement by NASA that it couldn’t find them. Anyone interested in the technical details of the missions could have simply looked at NASA’s detailed mission reports, which used telemetry data and other observations to analyse the performance of its spacecraft in great detail. For example, the 348-page Apollo 11 mission report, released in November 1969, contains dozens of charts and tables giving moment-by-moment breakdowns of data such as propellant usage, the pitch and roll of the lunar module, its latitude, longitude and altitude above the moon, and even the heart rates of the astronauts. The report also contains long sections photocopied from the live telemetry printouts received at mission control during the mission. The report analyses the performance of every spacecraft system throughout the mission, noting which systems performed as expected and giving an analysis and explanation of all anomalies. For examples, Apollo enthusiasts who took the time to read the report would be aware that when the command and service module was making its translunar midcourse correction, its A battery supplied 25 amperes on the main bus A, rather than the expected 4 to 8. It’s unlikely anyone anywhere in the world would be so fascinated by the mission that they would feel the need to discover this information for themselves by spending months going the recorded telemetry data on the original tapes. The data recorded on the tapes would not show anything interesting which wasn’t already included in the report, and the search for the tapes was not undertaken for the sake of the telemetry data on them. The tapes were sought because a group of retired NASA engineers felt that the video pictures on them could be extracted with greater fidelity using modern technology than was possible when they were recorded. The amount of fuel needed to reach the moon. McGowan wrongly claims that with the wiping of the tapes, all record of Apollo telemetry has been lost. “We cannot, for example, check the fuel consumption throughout the flights to determine what kind of magic trick NASA used to get the boys there and back with less than 1% of the required fuel,” he says. (His estimate of the amount of fuel required is based on his misunderstanding of the von Braun quote). In fact, we know exactly how much fuel it took to reach the moon, as the information is available online. As McGowan might have discovered if he had done even the most rudimentary research, as well as the Apollo mission reports, NASA produced detailed flight evaluation reports on its Saturn V rockets. The reports give the start and end times of every burn by the rockets and show exactly how much fuel and oxidizer was used by each burn. Regarding the fuel required to reach the moon, McGowan says:
“The total distance traveled during the alleged missions, including Earth and Moon orbits, ranged from 622,268 miles for Apollo 13 to 1,484,934 miles for Apollo 17. All on a single tank of gas.... I want NASA to build my next car for me. I figure I’ll only have to fill up the tank once and it should last me for the rest of my life.”
At this point in the essay McGowan seems not to have heard of Newton’s first law of motion, which says that in the absence of other forces a moving object would quite literally move forever. However, by the time he gets to Part 13, he seems slightly better informed:
“It is generally claimed...you simply accelerate enough to ‘slingshot’ out of low-Earth orbit, thus escaping Earth’s gravitational pull, and then just sort of freefall to the Moon, firing the engines every now and then to make minor course corrections.”
But he still misunderstands, or misrepresents, the method which took the Apollo astronauts to the moon, supposing that the explanation involves the Moon’s gravity pulling them all the way there. He disposes of this straw man by noting that GPS satellites orbit at a distance of roughly 12,000 miles, but are “miraculously enough, still held in place by Earth’s gravity and there have been no reported cases of one of them suddenly freefalling to the moon.” He accepts that “Earth’s gravitational pull would obviously get progressively weaker the farther out one ventured,” but he still thinks you would be fighting it until you were nearly at the Moon:
“There would come a time during a journey to the Moon when that body’s own gravitational attraction would be stronger than that of Earth, but given the relative masses of the two bodies, that time wouldn’t come until the tail end of the trip. You could conceivably freefall most of the way back, but you would first, of course, have to actually get there.”
Having to fight against the Earth’s gravity most of the way would, he says, require “considerable amounts of fuel.” But gravity actually gets weaker a lot faster than McGowan thinks it does, decreasing exponentially with distance according to the inverse square law. Doubling your distance from the centre of an object reduces the gravity it exerts on you by 75%. We can calculate the pull of gravity at the Earth’s surface as 9.8m/s² (the method is described here). Using the same method, we can calculate that by the time it was 37,660km from the Earth (only a tenth of the way to the moon), the force exerted by the Earth on the Apollo spacecraft would be only 0.2m/s², or just over one fiftieth of its original strength. At the halfway point, 188,293km from Earth, the force would be just 0.01m/s², slightly over one thousandth of its original strength. In other words, by the time it was halfway to the moon, the entire Apollo spacecraft would have weighed less than thirty kilograms. The idea that it would have to burn fuel continuously to reach the moon is clearly wrong, given how quickly the Earth’s gravity becomes negligible. In fact, as it was already travelling at high speed by the time it reached Earth orbit, the Apollo 11 CSM (Command and Service Module) required only a 5 minute 47 second additional burn from the Saturn V third stage rocket to give it the necessary momentum to carry it all the way to the moon, with an initial speed of 24,200mph. Any object travelling at such astronomical speed can be expected to travel a fair distance, particularly when the main force holding it back weakens not at a steady rate, but at an ever-increasing rate, as happens with gravity. Nevertheless, Apollo 11 did lose speed most of the way to the Moon, while it was in the Earth’s sphere of influence. According to the NASA Public Affairs Officer’s commentary during the mission, the spacecraft entered the Moon’s sphere of influence 61 hours and 39 minutes into the mission, at a distance of 33,822 nautical miles (62,638km) from the Moon (see page 159 of the linked transcript). At this point, with its speed down to only 2,039mph, it started to accelerate under the Moon’s gravity. Of course, this speed of 2,039mph was relative to the Earth. With respect to the Moon the spacecraft was going at 2,231mph. By the time its signal was lost as it went behind the Moon at an altitude of 309 nautical miles (572km) its speed had gone back up to 5,225mph (see page 179). While behind the moon it fired its rockets to slow back down to around 2,000mph. All of these speeds were in line with NASA’s calculations, and the initial velocity when leaving Earth of 24,200mph would have been chosen specifically so that the spacecraft wouldn’t be going too fast when it reached the Moon. The exact timing and duration of its “lunar insertion burn” had been calculated in advance based on the speed it was expected to have. The 24,200mph figure was in fact only slightly below the Earth’s escape velocity of 25,022mph--the speed an Earth-based object would have to reach to escape Earth’s gravity completely and travel an infinite distance with no additional acceleration. As Wikipedia explains: “With escape velocity in a direction pointing away from the ground of a massive body, the object will move away from the body, slowing forever and approaching, but never reaching, zero speed.” But McGowan is clearly unfamiliar with the concept of escape velocity. McGowan says:
“Logic would seem to dictate that the path to the Moon would not be the largely linear one we have been sold on, but rather a series of steadily increasing circles (probably ellipses, actually), requiring the expenditure of considerable amounts of fuel.”
It’s ironic he should believe the method he is describing would require lots of fuel, because, of the various methods for reaching the moon, it’s actually the one which requires the least fuel (though it is the slowest). India’s Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft used exactly this method to get to the Moon, making multiple successively larger elliptical orbits of Earth before reaching its destination. The way this technique saves fuel is that when returning from the furthest point of an elliptical orbit and falling back towards Earth, gravity provides extra speed. This is known as a gravity assist or slingshot manoeuvre. Spacecraft using this manoeuvre fire their rockets at perigee, the point in the orbit closest to the Earth, thereby also benefiting from the Oberth effect, wherein a rocket is more efficient when fired at higher speeds. As Wikipedia explains: “the farther the rocket and payload move during the burn (i.e. the faster they move), the greater the kinetic energy imparted to the rocket and its payload and the less to its exhaust”. McGowan is clearly a complete stranger to the physics of spaceflight and has obviously not done even a moment’s research on the topic, and yet he still feels entitled to speak authoritatively on the matter, gainsaying well-established science and trusting his readers won’t be any better informed than he is. “Missing” plans. At another point McGowan says, “Also missing, according to NASA and its various subcontractors, are the original plans/blueprints for the lunar modules. And for the lunar rovers. And for the entire multi-sectioned Saturn V rockets.” This is incorrect, at least for the lunar modules and the Saturn V. The plans for the lunar modules are in the National Archives in Fort Worth Texas and the plans for the Saturn V are stored at the Marshall Space Flight Center on microfilm. The National Archives in Atlanta also have large amount of documents, including blueprints, related to the Saturn rockets.
2020.07.14 21:57 GhostfacexProdigySOAC - The next best thing besides a SPAC ESG ETF
Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) has risengreatly in popularity in recent time. With many factors (including Covid) raising awareness around ESG it would appear there has never been a better time to invest in thismarket trend/values (besides maybe six months ago). Government subsidies,decarbonization,climate change,industrial/infrastructure upgrades, technological advancements,ESG popularity,greenwashing and police brutality are but a few of the catalysts favouring ESG focused companies (ETFs, funds and SPACs like SPAQ/SOAC). The recent growth in EV market,solar stocks,renewable energy, Tesla, theJuneteenth stock’sand thegreen energy market (including SPACs - NKLA SHLL SPAQ) are but a few of the benefiters of this “movement” to date. It’s not just daytrading millennials (beckys/RH) who love this stuff but hedge funds are also benefiting from this trend (that is here to stay). It might be a personal belief of mine coupled with my passion for environmentalism but market trends do not lie (although can pop) – and if I can profit from this, why not? SPAQSHLLSOACFMCIBMRGHCCHNKLA BLNK DGLY SOLO EVSI NIO UONE BYFC FMCI BYND RUN WKHS TSLASHRM.. - a few quick/recent examples of companies with strong ESG verticals absolutely crushing the market. I watched the rise of DKNG (Atlanta fan haha) and NKLA (no product lol) but took a pass because I didn’tfully understandSPACs at the time - don’t be that guy.. Furthermore, ESG funds tend to outperform traditional investments (during downturns - like covid – and some SPACswere a safe haven (because of something called Escrow). It seems like we need a SPAC ETFESG focused on some of the above mentioned.. more like needed it six months ago (imagine the returns $$$)?? Very Basic (and inconclusive without further) Market Research: https://preview.redd.it/67m3itponva51.png?width=548&format=png&auto=webp&s=b54b45c60f193d10497d083b8fe48f10a99fa1be https://preview.redd.it/02f5mfjpnva51.png?width=602&format=png&auto=webp&s=45d491986dfef9b679cf2b394fddc53e83446437 https://preview.redd.it/g8f9ronqnva51.png?width=281&format=png&auto=webp&s=eb8e19903d0c8ed4553fc077babc251289975aea ![img](1cqt9q0rnva51 " ") https://preview.redd.it/xvu3qj0snva51.png?width=556&format=png&auto=webp&s=66bf7b398ae3673f4a48f3afa84dfaeafb34981d https://preview.redd.it/5hs57mstnva51.png?width=602&format=png&auto=webp&s=c2f83830413fd05281870b02741f668f719010f5 https://preview.redd.it/qq9tuekunva51.png?width=602&format=png&auto=webp&s=2824c94c9fcc096d2c379842d4d7bddea1584191 https://preview.redd.it/vaea1p6vnva51.png?width=508&format=png&auto=webp&s=74934a581fe32c1059a45d031d8b45341a3cd5c1 ** all info sourced in links** “A poll … by JP Morgan of 50 global institutions with $12.9 trillion under management found that 71% of respondents felt the economic shock of Covid-19 would increase awareness and actions globally to tackle climate change and “high impact, high probability” events like it. “Over the long run, COVID-19 could prove to be a major turning point for ESG investing,” said Jean-Xavier Hecker and Hugo Dubourg, co-heads of ESG and Sustainability at JP Morgan. “ https://www.barrons.com/articles/spartan-fisker-spac-electric-vehicle-stocks-51594646511?mod=hp_INTERESTS_technology&refsec=hp_INTERESTS_technology The ESG SPAC Space: There are a few (openly) ESG focused SPACs right now - SOAC is arguably the best. When you invest in a SPAC remember – you are investingin the team ie management, UW, legal and institutional backing (follow the money) C.R.E.A.M. Sustainable Opportunities Acquisition Corp.SOAC Structure: 345m - 100% still in Trust18mo term – I like the short term (maybe we see a CCXX or BMRG early announcement)IPO May 6 2020 – Love the confidence of IPOing in the face of Covid½ Warrant/UnitCitigroup running the books soloKirkland and Ellis & Davis Polk and Wardwell are lawyers involvedCrescent term threshold of $9.2 Business Proposal: “We believe that there are significant, attractive investment opportunities that exist within industries that benefit from strong Environmental, Social and Governance (“ESG”) profiles. While investing in ESG covers a broad range of themes, we are focused on evaluating suitable targets that have existing environmental sustainability practices or that may benefit, both operationally and economically, from our management team’s commitment and expertise in executing such practices. We believe our management team’s experience allows us to evaluate targets in industries such as manufacturing (including auto, building materials), chemicals, services (including waste, environmental, construction), logistics (including transportation, distribution), technology (hardware, software, devices), agriculture (including biofuels) and energy (with focus on renewable generation, utility services, energy efficiency/management), among others. Furthermore, our target universe could include companies undergoing a transition to increase their environmental sustainability profiles, reflecting an opportunity to bring environmentally sustainable practices to companies that may not have historically been focused on environmental sustainability. We believe there is a wide array of companies undergoing this “brown-to-green” transition in our target universe. Companies in our target universe tend to have stable growth rates and would greatly benefit from access to public market capital.” Management: “The SOAC management teamhas extensive experience in operating and managing sustainability initiatives within a wide range of companies and industries throughout the U.S.” “Scott Honour (the one and only**) serves as the Chairman of our board of directors**. Mr. Honour has over 30 years of private equity investment experience and has been involved in over 100 transactions totalling over $20 billion in transaction value. Mr. Honour is Managing Partner of Northern Pacific Group (“NPG”), a private equity firm, which he co-founded in 2012. Prior to that, Mr. Honour was at The Gores Group, a Los Angeles based private equity firm, for 10 years, serving as Senior Managing Director and one of the firm’s top executives. During his time at The Gores Group, the firm raised four funds, totaling $4 billion in aggregate, and made over 35 investments. Mr. Honour also served on the investment committee for The Gores Group. Prior to joining The Gores Group, Mr. Honour was a Managing Director at UBS Investment Bank from 2000 to 2002 and was an investment banker at Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette from 1991 to 2000. Mr. Honour began his career at Trammell Crow Company in 1988. Mr. Honour has served on the board of directors of numerous public and private companies including Solar Spectrum Holdings LLC, Anthem Sports & Entertainment Inc., 1st Choice Delivery, LLC, United Language Group, Inc., Renters Warehouse LLC, Real Dolmen (REM:BB) and Westwood One, Inc. (formerly Nasdaq: WWON), and is a co-founder of Titan CNG LLC and YapStone Inc. Mr. Honour earned a B.S. and B.A., cum laude, in Business Administration and Economics from Pepperdine University and an M.B.A. in Finance and Marketing from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. David Quiram serves as our Chief Financial Officer. Dr. Quiram has over 20 years of leadership experience in technology, strategy and finance organizations with a deep understanding of the chemicals, emerging technology, bioscience and energy sectors. Previously, Dr. Quiram served as Head of Financial Planning and Analysis and Tax at GenOn Energy (“GenOn”) from 2017 until 2019 where he was responsible for standing up the financial and administrative functions of GenOn as a stand-alone entity from NRG Energy Inc. (NYSE: NRG). Prior to that, Dr. Quiram served as Head of Investments for Enterprise Services of Hewlett Packard Enterprise (NYSE: HPE) from 2014 until 2017 where he directed investments into products and services. From 2010 to 2014, Dr. Quiram was with Accenture (NYSE: ACN) as a Senior Manager in their Strategy practice focused on transforming utilities, independent power producers, and energy retailers. From 2006 to 2009, Dr. Quiram worked at multiple roles at TXU Energy starting in finance and later served as Vice President of Retail Pricing and Procurement where he led the pricing and hedging for TXU Energy’s retail portfolio. Dr. Quiram began his career at McKinsey & Co where he worked as an Engagement Manager from 2001 until 2005, and as a Research Scientist at DuPont (NYSE: DD) from 1998 to 2001. Dr. Quiram earned a B.S. in Chemical Engineering with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Rick Gaenzle has agreed to serve on our board of directors. Mr. Gaenzle has over 30 years of private equity investment and corporate finance experience; he is the founder and currently serves as a Managing Director of Gilbert Global Equity Capital, L.L.C., the principal investment advisor to Gilbert Global Equity Partners, L.P. and related entities, a $1.2 billion leveraged buyout and private equity fund. Mr. Gaenzle has spent the last twenty-eight years at Gilbert Global and its predecessor entity, completing over 110 direct equity investments, co-investments and add-on acquisitions for portfolio companies. Previously, Mr. Gaenzle was a Principal of Soros Capital L.P., the principal venture capital and leveraged equity entity of the Quantum Group of Funds and a principal advisor to Quantum Industrial Holdings Ltd. Prior to joining Soros Capital, Mr. Gaenzle held various positions at PaineWebber Inc. Mr. Gaenzle currently serves as a Senior Advisor to Impact Delta, an impact-investing and impact-measurement advisory firm; an Operating Partner of NPG; and Chairman of Lake Street Homes, a single-family rental investment vehicle. Mr. Gaenzle holds a B.A. from Hartwick College and an M.B.A. from Fordham University. Isaac Barchas has agreed to serve on our board of directors. Mr. Barchas is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Research Bridge Partners (“RBP”), a socially-driven investment company, which he founded in 2016. RBP uses both concessionary and nonconcessionary investment to create startup companies based on university research and advance those companies into the venture capital markets. Prior to founding RBP, Mr. Barchas led the Austin Technology Incubator (“ATI”) at The University of Texas at Austin from 2006 to 2016. ATI’s Clean Energy Incubator was the first university clean tech incubation program in the United States. During Mr. Barchas’ leadership, ATI companies raised over $1 billion in the capital markets. Mr. Barchas joined the university from McKinsey & Co., where he worked in the Chicago, Sydney, Auckland, and Dallas offices, from 1996 to 2006 and served on the leadership teams of McKinsey’s North American Healthcare Practice and Global Organization Practice. Mr. Barchas has served on multiple private company boards and on philanthropic boards including Pecan Street Inc., the largest analytically-focused clean energy and climate data consortium in the United States, where he was a founding board member. Mr. Barchas earned a J.D. (honors) and M.A. (Century Fellowship) from The University of Chicago. He received an A.B. from Stanford University (honors and Phi Beta Kappa). Justin Kelly has agreed to serve on our board of directors. Mr. Kelly is currently the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Investment Officer of Winslow Capital Management, LLC (“Winslow Capital”), Nuveen’s center of excellence for growth investing. Mr. Kelly also serves as lead portfolio manager on the firm’s flagship U.S. Large Cap Growth Strategy. Mr. Kelly has been with Winslow Capital for over two decades and has transformed the firm from a single strategy, niche investment firm to a thought leader globally in growth equity investing with four strategies. Prior to joining Winslow Capital in 1999, Mr. Kelly was an equity analyst at Investment Advisors in Minneapolis. Prior to that, Mr. Kelly worked at Prudential Bache, from 1993 to 1996 as Investment Banker, and Salomon Brothers, from 1996 to 1997 as Investment Banker. Mr. Kelly earned a B.S. in Finance/Investments from Babson College. Our management team will be supported by NPG, a technology and business services focused private equity firm based in Wayzata, Minnesota. NPG has considerable experience investing in ESG related portfolio companies with community impact, workplace diversity and integrity, and environmental resource management acting as cornerstones to key investment decisions. NPG has offset its carbon footprintto net zero, achievingCarbonNeutral® status. The partners of NPG have been involved in acquisitions, financings and advisory transactions totaling over $20 billion in transaction value and have significant experience investing across a variety ofeconomic cycles and a track record of identifying high-quality assets, businesses and management teams with significant resources, capital and optimization potential. We believe that we will benefit from NPG’s prior experience.” PRESS RELEASE ESG RESOURCES CEO BREIF INTERVIEW https://www.greenspac.com/ceo-scott-leonard-explains-why-now-is-the-right-time-for-a-spac/ SPAC Risks: SPAC’s tend to be 50/50 after merger IMOPotential EV or ESG bubble might be formingDoes anyone have an example of a SPAC in the last 15 years (or later) that has liquidated and didn’t pay out?(I honestly haven’t looked)I see 0.1% risk in SPAC shares/units long term (thanks to escrow) Final Thoughts: Future (disruptive) ESG companies (like PureCycle) might want to try and avoid previous mistakes (like UBER) by going the public via the SPAC route... Its kind of a thing these days (thank you Covid) and helps them to make more money faster, price their deal properly/more efficiently and gain (those all-important wall street) connections – I see you SPAQ .. also anyone else seespacsdrop in theWSJ? Completely speculative possible ESG SPAC’s – IPOC/IPOB, HCAC/JIH, GMHI/NPA, SBE/ALUS/TDAC, **KCAC/**SSPK, or JWS/PTSH? Who else are we missing?? Who else will pivot like SHLL, SPAQ, HCCH or get a BlackRock PIPE?? Disclaimer: This is not investment advice and I have positions in some of the above. TLDR: ESG trend is here to stay and SOAC is a ESG SPAC with great a great team **check out the discord link for more info, resources and tools**
2020.05.13 06:47 i618Hotspot Connectivity: DNS issue
I am using two Windows 10 PCs
I am using the secure hotspot feature to share the VPN connection with my Xbox
Alternatively, I created a Mobile Hotspot (available in Windows 10) to share the VPN connection.
Either method was working smoothly until last Tuesday (5th May 2020). Now it doesn't run at all and I cannot diagnose the issue.
Whenever the hotspot is activated. The internet on base computer and xbox drops (also any other device connected to the VPN hotspot).
I've disabled the firewalls on Windows, ignored SSL errors in Windscribe preferences and there are no third party anti viruses or protection software. The Windscribe VPN is also only running in one place.
My connection mode is set to automatic and it selects UDP.
Why is the hotspot not working? and Why does the VPN on every device stop working once i turn on the VPN?
2020.04.23 12:28 Fwoggie2Covid-19 update Thursday 23rd April
Good morning from the UK. It’s Thursday 23rd April.
Virus news in depth
North Korea was swift to close its borders at the end of January when coronavirus cases in neighboring China began to skyrocket but by the beginning of April North Korea was issuing a firm denial that it had no cases of Covid-19 with Pak Myong-su, a director at North Korea's Central Emergency Anti-epidemic headquarters, telling news agency AFP on Friday 3rd April: "Not one single person has been infected with the novel coronavirus in our country so far. We have carried out pre-emptive and scientific measures such as inspections and quarantine for all personnel entering our country and thoroughly disinfecting all goods, as well as closing borders and blocking sea and air lanes." The claims were flatly rejected by the four star US army general Robert Adams who commented "I can tell you that is an impossible claim based on all of the intel that we have seen," in a joint interview he held with news sites CNN and VOA. Fast forward three weeks and panic buying is reported to have broken out in North Korea according to a report picked up on the well regarded NK News (and consequently repeated on Bloomberg). One source in the report describes empty shelves and a sudden absence of staples like vegetables, flour, and sugar. Locals have been buying “whatever is there,” an expat said, saying that “you can hardly get in” to some stores. Both the expat and another person in Pyongyang said the surge was particularly notable on Wednesday whilst another source said large groups of locals were seen buying big amounts of mostly-imported products in some grocery stores, resulting in abrupt shortages. Demand sharply increased this week, yet another person confirmed, saying they had been told on Tuesday to purchase supplies of some key products. The range of items offered in shops aimed at diplomats has also diminished, they added, noting that in particular, “imported goods (are) running out.” The situation in North Korea is complicated at the best of times but even more so now with persistent rumours swirling about Kim Jong Un’s health following a heart procedure (he is known to be obese, a heavy smoker and reports suggest ill health has been brought on by overwork). Should he die Kim's demise would risk unwelcome instability in North Korea and with no clear succession plan, his death or incapacitation could cause chaos in a heavily armed and secretive country. Their neighbours to the North are China who already have their hands full with Covid-19 as well as soothing diplomatic relationships with several Western countries over initially denying the outbreak and then failing to maintain quality control on the badly needed PPE exports pouring out of China. A destabilising North Korea is going to be the last thing Chinese President Xi Jinping needs. North Korea may be one to watch over the coming weeks and months. Over in the USAForbes is reporting that three states with Republic governors are set to loosen Covid-19 restrictions. South Carolina will allow some retail stores, as well as flea markets, to reopen Monday, Tennessee Governor Bill Lee said the “vast majority” of his state’s businesses can reopen May 1, 2020, and Georgia will permit businesses such as gyms, barber shops and tattoo parlors to resume business on Friday. Forbes points out that common among the states, though, is a lack of strict protocols for businesses to follow, or a way to enforce a given mandate, even as health officials warn the virus could spread rapidly again if stringent restrictions on economic activity and a widespread testing system aren’t in place. On the same topic, Fox News is reporting that Oklahaoma will follow suit too and also partially reopen, in their case hair salons, spas, nail salons and pet groomers will be allowed to open their doors. Exploring Georgia’s decision a bit further, Forbes says that Governor Brian Kemp has endorsed a free market philosophy that sees the businesses and residents—not the government—as having the ultimate power to decide how to proceed during the pandemic, though the state did order businesses to follow social distancing practices and screen employees for signs of illness; “It is not going to be government that is going to solve the problem; it is the community at large,” Kemp said earlier this month. Not everyone agrees with him; “We need to, as government leaders, step up and give people an incentive to stay home. But there’s nothing essential about going to a bowling alley in the middle of a pandemic,” Atlanta Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms said Tuesday on MSNBC (Atlanta is in Georgia). Kemp responded to the criticism on Fox News saying, “If people don’t want to open the gym, they don’t have to. But when you close somebody’s business down and take their livelihoods . . . I’m willing to give them the benefit of the doubt.” It remains to be seen how convinced local residents will be as to how safe it would be to recommence their normal lifestyles. I flagged a Wuhan restauranteer’s story earlier this week - now their lockdown is lifted and people can come and go, he’s finding that whilst his restaurants might be open very few people are venturing out. Forbes for their part highlights a Gallup survey released last Tuesday that showed that just 20 percent of U.S. adults would resume normal activity right away once shelter-in-place orders are lifted. Lifting lockdowns is one thing, recreating the pre-outbreak circular economy quite another it seems. But what about America’s doctor-in-chief Anthony Fauci’s opinion? Forbes helpfully has that answer: “That could be setting us back,” Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told the New York Times NYT on Tuesday, referring to Georgia, Tennessee and South Carolina. “It certainly isn’t going to be helpful”, he added. Patrice Harris, the president of the American Medical Association, said she too was worried about a possible second wave of infections in the fall on the lines of Redfield's warning to The Washington Post. "I'm worried about a second wave to come sooner. I'm really worried about those states who are relaxing some of the stay-at-home regulations earlier. We could get a second wave even earlier than the fall. That's very concerning," she told CNN's Wolf Blitzer. As for President Trump’s stance on the matter, the president reiterated that his administration has established benchmarks that states should clear before they begin the reopening process. The rules recommend 14 days of declining new infections, as well as 14 days of decling covid-like syndromic cases and influenza-like illnesses, before moving to the reopening phase Kemp has called for. "I told the governor of Georgia, Brian Kemp, that I disagree strongly with his decision to open certain facilities which are in violation of the Phase I guidelines for the incredible people of Georgia," Trump said. "At the same time, he must do what he thinks is right," Trump continued. "But I disagree with him on what he's doing." Were a significant spike to come about through the fall (autumn) it could have serious implications for the upcoming elections in November 2020. As well as the election for the office of the President of the United States, all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives and 35 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate are being contested. Notably, the governorships for the four states mentioned above are not being contested this time around but there may be a question whether it’s safe enough to even physically hold the elections if there were a severe outbreak at the time. If interested in the situation around that scenario, try this article here. Back to the economy to finish this bit off; the best-case scenario following aggressive reopening in Southern states, in contrast with more hard-hit epicenters in the North like New York and Michigan, is that it could create test cases of how to reignite the economy while keeping the disease at bay. That would require most warnings by medical and public health experts to be wrong. Opening up now is a huge risk. Just because the curve of infections is flattened does not mean it cannot rise again since the disease has no proven therapies and there is so far no vaccine. If you’re American and want to know more about your own state’s position on reopening, CNN has a breakdown here.
Virus news in brief
Today’s sources: The Guardian, CNN, BBC (unless stated otherwise).
The Disney heiress Abigail Disney (who does not hold a role in the company) has attacked executives at the Walt Disney Corporation after they stopped paying 100,000 operational employees this week and furloughed them. Employees will still receive health insurance from Disney but have been added to the millions more filing for unemployment across the United States. The decision comes after the company paid dividends to shareholders and gave executives big bonuses last July totalling $1.5bn USD. Whilst former chief executive Bob Iger has given up the remainder of his $3million salary for this year and his replacement Bob Chapek said he'd only take half of his $2.5million base salary, as a show of solidarity, Ms. Disney however has flagged up that the bonuses these executives could still receive greatly exceed their salaries. Iger got $65.6million in incentives in 2018 and $46million in 2019. Chapek's bonus is expected to be about 300 percent of his salary. In addition, he could bring home 'not less than $15 million' in long-term incentives; last year he was paid $47.5m in bonuses. 'This is why I was quiet in March when executives at the company made a big pr push to call attention to the fact that they were giving up a portion of their salaries for the year,' Disney wrote. 'I told people to wait until we heard about the rest of the compensation package, since salary is a drop in the bucket to these guys. 'Iger's comp will still be 900 times median wage,' she added, claiming that Disney front line workers fought for years for a $15 an hour minimum pay which would leave them with $31,200 a year if they worked full time. Source (Daily Mail)
Photos have been published by CNN which show seven bodies in the open back of a pick-up truck in Philadelphia being transported from a local hospital to the medical examiner’s office last Sunday. The Philadelphia Department of Health has confirmed the incident and the number of bodies in the truck. “The transportation of the bodies in that manner is a breach of protocol,” said James Garrow, spokesman for the Department of Public Health. "The Medical Examiner’s Office regularly works with hospitals throughout Philadelphia to ensure that bodies are treated with the utmost dignity and respect," Garrow told CNN on behalf of the Medical Examiner's Office. "The Health Department is appalled that this happened, and strongly reminded the referring hospital of the existing protocols. This is not normal or acceptable."
A senior US government doctor who worked on the search for a coronavirus vaccine has claimed he was fired after resisting Donald Trump’s push to use the unproven drug hydroxychloroquine as a treatment, the New York Times reported on Wednesday. Rick Bright was this week ousted as director of the US health department’s Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, or Barda, and as the deputy assistant secretary for preparedness and response. Bright highlighted his refusal to embrace hydroxychloroquine, a malaria drug relentlessly promoted by the president and Fox News despite a lack of scientific studies. He said “Specifically, and contrary to misguided directives, I limited the broad use of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, promoted by the administration as a panacea, but which clearly lack scientific merit. While I am prepared to look at all options and to think ‘outside the box’ for effective treatments, I rightly resisted efforts to provide an unproven drug on demand to the American public.”
Finland's Prime Minister Sanna Marin is self-isolating after a person working at her official residence came into close contact with a confirmed coronavirus case.
New Zealand nurse Jenny McGee, who was crediting with helping to save the life of Boris Johnson, has been speaking about her experience of treating the UK prime minister for coronavirus. In an interview with TVNZ, she said she wasn't expecting to be singled out for praise by Mr Johnson. "He was just another patient we were trying to do our best for," she said.
Some Conservative MPs have been raising concerns about the impact of the UK lockdown on businesses.
One of them, Sir Geoffrey Clifton-Brown, treasurer of the 1922 Committee of backbench Tory MPs, told BBC Radio 4's Today programme the UK needed to start a discussion "about how we get back to normality" or some businesses would have to cease trading. In response, Northern Ireland Secretary Brandon Lewis said while some businesses were able to reopen with social distancing measures in place, the best way to protect the public and the NHS was to stay at home as much as possible. “One of the most damaging things for our economy would be if we came out of lockdown too early," he said, adding that this would risk a second peak.
The earliest "realistic" point by which schools in England could re-open is 1 June, head teachers' leader Geoff Barton has said. "We cannot see any realistic way that schools could be reopened to more pupils before the second half of the summer term," he said. Education Secretary Gavin Williamson has said no date has been set.
Germany's Bundesliga could take a step closer to becoming the first major football league to resume. The German Football League is meeting at 10:00 BST (09:00 GMT) to discuss Germany's top two divisions returning on either 9 or 16 May. Final approval would be needed by Chancellor Angela Merkel and state leaders on 30 April.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has urged the nation to remain "clever and cautious" in handling the next phase of the coronavirus epidemic. Speaking in parliament, she said "it's not the end phase but still just the beginning. We will be with it for a long time". She said "I know how difficult the restrictions are, it’s a challenge to democracy, it limits our democratic rights". But she said democratic transparency, such as a free press, helped to make the situation tolerable. "It's amazing how much understanding people have shown for each other," she said. MPs frequently applauded her.
The Spanish parliament has voted to approve the extension of the state of emergency for the third time until May 9, prolonging the country’s stay-at-home order to eight weeks in total.
Leading doctors in Pakistan have urged officials and clerics to reverse their decision to allow prayers at mosques during Ramadan, as it could instigate a spread that would be hard to control. “Unfortunately, our rulers have made a wrong decision; our clerics have shown a non-serious attitude,” Dr Qaiser Sajjad of the Pakistan Medical Association said. Coronavirus has infected more than 10,000 and killed 212 people in the country.
Western attitudes towards China’s handling of the outbreak are hardening says the BBC. Australia’s Prime Minister Scott Morrison has called for all members of the WHO to co-operate with an independent inquiry into the spread of the virus whilst his agriculture minister is pushing for members of the G20 group of advanced economies - which includes China - to ban wildlife markets (one of which in Wuhan is where the virus is thought to have emerged). This looks like a concerted push back against Beijing says the BBC, noting that the criticism has been coming thick and fast this week from London, Paris and Washington. The UK’s Foreign Secretary has said there could be no "business as usual" with China now and with Donald Trump turning his fire on the WHO, stopping US funding of the world’s health policeman claiming it was soft on China, the pressure is undeniably mounting.
China said on Thursday it would donate a further $30 million to the World Health Organization (WHO), which is seeking more than $1 billion to fund its battle against the coronavirus pandemic that has killed more than 180,000 people worldwide, Reuters reports. The pledge comes about a week after U.S. President Donald Trump suspended funding to the WHO and accused the Geneva-based organisation of promoting Chinese “disinformation” about the virus, which emerged in the central city of Wuhan last year.
The Deutsche Welle reporter William Yang is reporting that Harbin (population 10.6m, it’s in NW China) is becoming the latest epicentre of the Covid-19 outbreak with an 87 year old super spreader infecting 78 more people, 23 of whom have been hospitalised (Twitter).
A New Zealand man who tried to sue Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern arguing he had been unlawfully detained by the lockdown has had his court case dismissed. Everyone in New Zealand currently has to remain at home with the exception of essential movement, though some restrictions will be eased next week. The man, who cannot be identified, asked for a writ of habeas corpus, which declares that someone's detention is unlawful. Justice Mary Peters dismissed this, saying he did not consider the man and his family to be detained. "In my view, the freedom to exercise whenever they wish, to go to the supermarket whenever they wish, to talk to whomever they wish, and to access the internet whenever they wish is quite different from being held in custody," she said, according to local media.
Supply chain news in depth
Failure to extend Brexit talks ‘very risky’, say UK forwarders - Aircargonews reports that UK freight forwarder association BIFA has said that the government’s refusal to extend trade deal talks with the European Union is “very risky” given the coronavirus outbreak. BIFA said that even before the pandemic, there were concerns among BIFA members that the 11-month transition wouldn’t leave enough time to prepare for a potential no deal, with talks between the UK and the EU only getting back underway this week. Robert Keen, BIFA director general, said: “In light of the huge issues involved with a sharp change in trading conditions at the start of 2021, particularly if that were to coincide with another Covid-19 outbreak, we think an extension looks increasingly likely. “There has been little meaningful consultation with UK trade regarding the policies and procedures required in order to ensure that trade with the EU can continue relatively uninterrupted post December 31st 2020. “Trade deals are typically multi-year exercises, but in this case, the UK and EU realistically have until October to agree on terms, allowing time for ratification. And while formal talks are continuing, many of the civil service resources previously assigned to support negotiations have been reallocated to deal with the coronavirus emergency response.” (Cont’d) Keen explained: “Having had their businesses knocked sideways by the virus, many of our members have furloughed staff whilst they work out how they can keep their businesses afloat. “It is unlikely that their companies and the clients they serve will have the capacity to increase readiness for a sharp change in trading conditions in 2021. “In light of those things and with very little information from government on when restrictions on key sectors of the economy are likely to be lifted, and the as yet unknown economic damage done to the sector and wider economy, BIFA members are in no position to respond to a second massive shock if there is significant change in the terms of trade with the EU at the end of the year, because the government has stuck to its guns over the transition period.” “We believe that refusing to even consider extending the transition period is very risky and together with a growing chorus of Brexit commentators, think an extension to the transition period remains likely, and it is really only a question of ‘when’.” The Loadstar has picked up the same story here.
Supply chain news in brief
Danish ferry group DFDS has laid up around 20% of its capacity – 12 of its 50-strong fleet – in response to the coronavirus pandemic says The Loadstar. And it has revealed that it expects first-quarter profits to have fallen 10%, year on year. In addition to closing two routes last month – Oslo-Copenhagen and Newcastle-Amsterdam, which were more reliant on passenger revenues – chief executive Torben Carlsen said some 25% of its cross-Channel departures had been suspended. He believed this was a similar amount to Dover-Calais rival P&O Ferries.
Splash247 reports that the South Korean President has presided over the naming of the world’s largest containership in the world, the first of 12 recordbreaking ships to be delivered to HMM. HMM Algeciras has a capacity of 23,964 TEU. (Personal note: How long it’ll take before it has enough cargo to carry full capacity remains to be seen).
Splash247: Six Chinese government units including Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Health Commission, General Administration of Customs, National Immigration Administration and Civil Aviation Administration of China, have jointly released a notice to further guide and facilitate Chinese crew changes at domestic ports as part of efforts to normalise the transport sector. Under the new guidance, Chinese crews can sign on to ships at domestic ports after testing negative for coronavirus. Ports are asked to provide the necessary facilities for Chinese crews onboard foreign ships to sign off if they can provide a 14-day normal health record when arriving at Chinese ports. Chinese embassies around the world have also been told to assist Chinese crew overseas to return home once their contracts are up. Additionally, authorities have agreed to remove the 14-day quarantine procedure for ships operating on international-domestic combination routes so long as all crew test negative for coronavirus and promise not to disembark at domestic ports.
Japanese carrier ONE’s vessels from Asia to Europe sailed full last month, as bookings delayed by the extended Chinese New Year holiday were finally shipped out says The Loadstar but the magazine warns that due to a collapse in demand via Covid-19 lockdown restrictions, ONE will be challenged to reach anywhere near maximum load factors in April and May, despite the high number of blanked sailings already announced. At 128,000 teu, ONE’s March Asia-Europe headhaul liftings were some 6% below last year, when vessel utilisation hit 82%, suggesting there was tighter capacity management by THE Alliance members. According to eeSea data, THE Alliance members appear to have taken a more judicious strategy with Asia-Europe blankings in March, cancelling 18% or six of its 46 advertised sailings, compared to voiding 10% of its 66 transpacific voyages. Commenting on ONE’s operational numbers container shipping analyst Lars Jensen noted that the figures were measured at the time of loading, thus cargo booked at the end of March would not be included. “The pandemic impact only gathered pace in late March,” said Mr Jensen. “The early part of March was the short period where China was getting back up, and the pandemic impact had not yet manifested itself strongly in the rest of the world.” He added that notwithstanding the “positive” utilisation levels for ONE in March they should not be taken as an indicator as they only reflected the “short window” between the easing of the virus lockdowns in China and the global pandemic. “We should expect April and May to be much worse for all carriers, which is why we are seeing all the blank sailings,” said Mr Jensen.
Kraft Heinz will extend for two weeks a $100 per week stipend for factory workers producing its packaged foods during the COVID-19 pandemic, the company has said. "Kraft Heinz has made the decision to extend the $100 per week stipend for another two weeks and we will continue to evaluate this special compensation program as the situation evolves," a spokesman for the US-based maker of Heinz ketchup and Kraft Macaroni & Cheese said in an emailed statement. The stipend covers factories in the United States, Canada and Europe. (Source: ESM Magazine)
Also ESM Magazine: Tyson Foods Inc will indefinitely suspend operations at its largest US pork plant to contain the spread of the coronavirus, the company said, further tightening meat supplies after other major slaughterhouse shutdowns. The closures are limiting the amount of meat the United States can produce during the outbreak and adding stress on farmers who are losing markets for their pigs. Lockdowns that aim to stop the spread of the coronavirus have also prevented farmers around the globe from delivering food products to consumers. Millions of labourers cannot get to the fields for harvesting and planting, and there are too few truckers to keep goods moving. Tyson Foods, the largest US meat supplier, said its largest pork plant in Waterloo, Iowa, was closing after operating at reduced capacity. The plant supplies approximately 5% of the US pork supply.
Air Canada has announced it’s suspending all flights to the US until at least May 22nd (provided governments allow it to recommence flights by that date). Airlive.net
Qatar Airways Cargo has partnered with the Australian Government to restore critical global supply chains through the International Freight Assistance Mechanism (IFAM). The IFAM is an initiative by the Australian Government that has been launched to help restorecritical global supply chains for high-value Australian agricultural and fisheries producers, which have been heavily impacted by Covid-19 containment measures around the world. Through this initiative, the Australian Government is partially offsetting the cost of airfreight – reducing airfreight and freight forwarding costs for exporters and ensuring businesses and exporters in the country can swiftly transport their produce on flights and to international customers. (Source: Aircargonews).
Digital supply chain - Netflix says it’s got enough backlog to not run out of new TV shows during the Pandemic reports Bloomberg with fan favourite The Crown already in post production for season 4.
US land freight - The Loadstar reports significant drops are now occurring in intermodal freight in the US. “Since 1988, when our data began, total US railcar loads were lower than last week only during a few Christmas and new year’s weeks, when rail operations are seasonally low,” said AAR (Association of American Railroads) senior vice-president John Gray. “Part of the problem now is sustained weakness in coal loads, but even excluding coal, carloads last week were down 13.1%. We haven’t seen sustained declines of that magnitude since the great recession.” In the week ending 11 April, AAR figures showed a 23.8% drop in overall carloads, with intermodal units down 20%. One of the worst-hit sectors was motor vehicles and parts, with a drop of 15,521 units to 2,185. Truckers have fared better. The American Trucking Association (ATA) reported a 4.3% rise in volumes for March. However, the numbers conceal significant differences between various types of freight. ATA chief economist Bob Costello called last month “the storm before the calm”, particularly for carriers of consumer staples. He said: “There was a huge divergence among freight types. While freight to grocery stores and big box retailers was strong due to surge-buying by households, freight was anaemic in other supply chains, like gasoline, restaurants and auto factories. Because of this, and the continued shuttering of many parts of the economy, I would expect April tonnage to be very soft.”
I hope to publish them today, but being very honest it’s pretty unlikely and if I do get time it won’t be until late evening UK time (so around 10 hrs from now). I'd like to throw up the graphs for both infections and death rates for the four states that want to open because gut instinct tells me they haven't peaked yet so why they'd want to reopen is beyond my understanding.
2020.04.15 19:56 killroy200Metro Atlanta Density vs. Distance from Center
Inspired by this post a day ago, I created a graph of Metro Atlanta's density as a function of distance. [CLICK HERE FOR THE IMAGE] This graph shows a comparison of a census tract's population density (2018 estimate) to the distance of its centroid from the centroid of the metro area as a whole. Select places are shown for both their geographical refernce, as well as being close to the highest density census tract in that distance range. As should surprise no one, the most dense parts of the metro are the closest in, and primarily within the City of Atlanta. It's worth noting that the centroid of the metro area (as defined by the Census Bureau) is actually in the Polar Rock area, near where the Connector meets 166, but the highest concentration of metro density is further north, in Midtown Atlanta. This means that there's lower density immediately near the metro's center, but it quickly spikes up as the core of the City of Atlanta comes into range around the 5 mile mark. Generally speaking, the northern areas of the metro drive the higher density tracts and places up to about the 25 mile mark, where you stop seeing the relatively high-density tracts at all. Places like Buckhead, Lindbergh, Roswell, and Sandy Springs are really the leaders at their range. After roughly the 31 mile mark, you don't see anything above 4000 ppsm, and after the 37 mile mark nothing above 2000 ppsm. You do get a bit close in the 50ish mile range, with some of the older, mors distant towns, such as Carrolton, that are acting as local hubs, but not much. Edit:Additionally, here's a cumulative population curve, again using centroids.
2020.04.14 01:17 OliverMarkusMalloyMonday, April 13: Coronavirus is mutating
I’m not into conspiracy theories, but this is interesting: October 15, 2019: U.S. delegation arrives in Wuhan for Military World Games -Xinhua.net Video:Grand opening ceremony, Military World Games in Wuhan, October 2019 -CGTN Intelligence report warned of coronavirus crisis as early as November: Sources -ABC News Report: U.S. Intelligence Officials Warned About Coronavirus In Wuhan In Late November -Forbes That’s one month before the famous Chinese whistleblower Dr. Li Wenliang first alerted the world: Li Wenliang was a Chinese ophthalmologist who worked as a physician at Wuhan Central Hospital. Li warned his colleagues in December 2019 about a possible outbreak of an illness that resembled severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), later acknowledged as COVID-19. He became a whistleblower when his warnings were later shared publicly. -Wikipedia “On 30 December 2019, Li saw a patient's report which showed a positive result with a high confidence level for SARS coronavirus tests.” Jan 26: Wuhan seafood market may not be source of novel virus spreading globally -Science Feb 24: Five foreign athletes from military world games in Wuhan infected with malaria, not COVID-19 in October 2019: hospital head -Global Times “Zhang's clarification came after an old media report resurfaces online, claiming thatfive athletes were sent to a hospital in Wuhan for medical care and quarantine measures after they were infected with an imported epidemic between October 18 to 27.Posts subsequently went viral on social media, prompting theories that they were the original carriers of the novel coronavirus. The report covered by a local media outlet in Wuhan did not name the epidemic.” Personally, I would take that hospital director’s denials with a grain of salt. Back in October, tests for coronavirus didn’t even exist yet. Feb 26: The first US soldier has tested positive for coronavirus. Coronavirus spreading through US military ranks would be a disaster. -Vox April 2: Number of troops testing positive for coronavirus up over 50 percent this week -Military Times “COVID-19 cases continue tosoar in the military, outpacing the spread of coronavirus in the general U.S. populationin the past 24 hours. There are 893 positive-testing service members, according to the Defense Department’s Thursday update, out of 1,550 current cases, which include civilians dependents and contractors. The military reported 122 new cases since Wednesday more than the other three groups combined.” Chinese Diplomat Accuses US of Spreading Coronavirus -Voice of America “It's possible that the U.S. military brought the virus to Wuhan. The U.S. has to be transparent and make public its figures. The U.S. owes us an explanation," he added. Zhao's comments echoed a rumored conspiracy, widely circulated in China, that U.S. military personnel had brought the virus to China during their participation of the 2019 Military World Games in Wuhan last October.” Researchers from Cambridge University found that Americans carry an older strain of the virus than Chinese people do: April 9: COVID-19: genetic network analysis provides ‘snapshot’ of pandemic origins -University of Cambridge "Forster and colleagues found that the closest type of COVID-19 to the one discovered in bats –type ‘A’, the “original human virus genome”– was present in Wuhan, but surprisingly was not the city’s predominant virus type. Mutated versions of ‘A’ were seen in Americans reported to have lived in Wuhan, and a large number of A-type viruses were found in patients from the USand Australia. Wuhan’s major virus type, ‘B’, was prevalent in patients from across East Asia. Variant ‘A’, most closely related to the virus found in both bats and pangolins, is described as“the root of the outbreak”by researchers. Type ‘B’ is derived from ‘A’, separated by two mutations, then ‘C’ is in turn a “daughter” of ‘B’." Weird, huh? Now don’t get me wrong. I’m not saying that I think the US military deliberately infected Wuhan with a secret virus back in October during the Military World Games. Russia attended those games as well. My very own personal theory about the coronavirus, if I had to come up with one, is that Russia spread the virus in China, the US and Europe. For months, Russia had an unusually low number of infected. Russia is the largest country in the world. Luxembourg is one of the very smallest. It’s tiny, with only 623,729 citizens. And yet, Luxembourg had more confirmed cases than Russia: March 22: Why does Russia, population 146 million, have fewer coronavirus cases than Luxembourg? -CNN March 22: Coronavirus: Russia's low infection numbers viewed skeptically. Russian officials attribute the low reported coronavirus numbers to aggressive border controls, but experts caution that the actual infection rates may be much higher. -NBC News March 25: Why Is Russia’s Coronavirus Case Count So Low? -The New Yorker Things that make you go hmmmm. Maybe Russia was miraculously spared by the coronavirus for a long time. Or maybe Russia didn’t do enough early testing, and cases went undetected. Or maybe Russia is simply lying about how many infected there are. Or maybe Russia was “lucky,” because for decades their population has been taking a very common over-the-counter Russian flu medicine called Arbidol aka Umifenovir. Feb 26: Russian drug may help with fight against virus -MSN “The influenza drug, developed in the Soviet Union back in 1974, has been used for years in Russia to fight the flu by preventing its ability to shed copies of itself from the surface of host cells. And China is now testing the drug to assess its effectiveness against the novel coronavirus, according to Zhang.” It has been widely used in China and Russia for decades, but not at all in the west. In Russia it’s one of the most widely used over-the-counter medications, about as common as Aspirin in the US. And it’s dirt cheap. Can a Soviet-developed medicine treat coronavirus? -The Bell “Arbidol seems to have high-level backers in Russia: it is produced by a friend of Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova, who oversees healthcare, and in 2010, it was personallyrecommended(Rus) by Putin. Unsurprisingly, Arbidol has been the mostpopular(Rus) over-the-counter drug in Russia for several years in a row.” And it just so happens to be a potent broad-spectrum antiviral that has been shown in clinical studies to be as effective as Tamiflu in killing a bunch of different viruses, including Coxsackie virus B5 (whatever the hell that is), Lassa, Ebola, and SARS. Umifenovir (brand name Arbidol) -Wikipedia “Testing of umifenovir's efficacy has mainly occurred in China and Russia, and it is well known in these two countries. Some of the Russian tests showed the drug to be effective anda direct comparison with Tamiflu showed similar efficiency in vitro and in a clinical setting. In 2007, Arbidol (umifenovir) had the highest sales in Russia among all over-the-counter drugs.” March 23: Doctors in China Treated COVID-19 With Antivirals Not Approved in the U.S. -Real Clear Science “Doctors in Wuhan have aggressively treated patients with antivirals not approved in the U.S.The drug they utilized most often was Arbidol, manufactured by the Russian company JSC Pharmstandard. One preliminary study showed that Arbidol could drastically improve chest CT scans and speed the body's clearing of the virus, perhaps by inhibiting viral replication.” And yet, Russia’s big pharma industry never bothered to bring it to market in the west. Weird, huh? So, who knows, maybe coronavirus was spread by Russia, where people have a natural immunity to it because they keep taking Arbidol every time they get the sniffles. Russia using coronavirus fears to spread misinformation in Western countries -The Hill “The new concerns around Russian misinformation comes after European Commission Vice President Věra Jourová met with top representatives of tech groups including Google, Facebook, Microsoft, and Twitter on March 3 to discuss the spread of coronavirus disinformation.” Russian hackers have been spreading misinformation about the coronavirus in the US, in Europe, and in China, each time accusing one of the other two of being the one who spread the virus. It wouldn’t be the first time Putin’s Russian hackers blamed a different country for what Russia did: Oct 14, 2017: How Russia used social media to divide Americans -The Guardian July 23, 2018: How a fake news lie blaming China instead of Russia for election hacking went viral -Media Matters Russian trolls politicized vaccines in 2016. Could coronavirus be next? -The Philadelphia Enquirer US accuses Russia of spreading conspiracies about the Wuhan coronavirus, including that it's a CIA biological weapon -Business Insider US Accuses Russia of Spreading Fear, Panic on Coronavirus -Voice of America EU accuses Russia of looking to destabilise west with coronavirus disinformation campaign -The Independent Who benefits when America, Europe and China fight? Russia. Did America infect China? Did China infect America? Or did Russia infect China and America? We may never know the answer. We don’t know much about Russia’s bioweapon labs... Sept 17, 2019: Russia Confirms Explosion At Ex Bioweapons Lab Storing Ebola, Smallpox And Plague -Forbes “The fact that Vector is one of only two places in the world that stockpiles Smallpox—the other being the CDC facility in Atlanta—tells you everything you need to know. Local firefighter and rescue teams responded to the explosion before someone realised the implications and, as reported by Russian media, “the situation was quickly upgraded from an ordinary emergency to a major incident.” April 12: Russian border becomes China's frontline in fight against second virus wave -Reuters Is there a connection? Who the hell knows? But we do know one thing: Experts say Putin loves to poison people he doesn’t like with biochem weapons: Sept 5, 2018: Russians charged over Novichok poisoning of Sergei Skripal, daughter -NBC News Feb 14, 2019: Third Suspect In Poisoning Of Former Russian Spy Named By Investigative Group -NPR June 28, 2019: PM tells Putin Salisbury attack 'can never be repeated.' Russia must end its "irresponsible and destabilising activity", Theresa May has told President Vladimir Putin in one-to-one talks, Downing Street said. -BBC July 28, 2019: Vladimir Putin critic Alexey Navalny hospitalized with suspected poisoning, doctor says -ABC News Aug 1, 2019: Why Russia Keeps Poisoning People. With a wink and a nod, the Kremlin sends a chilling message to its foes. -Foreign Policy But wait, there’s more... March 4: Coronavirus is mutating: Chinese scientists find second strain -Fortune March 4: Scientists say they've identified 2 strains of COVID-19 -ABC News March 23: U.K. scientists to track mutations in coronavirus and map its spread -Japan Times “All viruses accumulate mutations over time, some faster than others,” said Paul Klenerman, a professor at Oxford University who will be involved in the work. “For Covid-19, this has only just begun — but this emerging variation can be tracked in detail.” March 30: Coronavirus is mutating and now has eight strains: doctors -New York Daily News March 31: 8 strains of the coronavirus are circling the globe. Here's what clues they're giving scientists. -USA Today April 1: A New Mutated Sub-Type Has Been Discovered After a Patient Was Contagious For 49 Days -Tech Times April 3: Scientists Discover 'Chronic' Mutation of Coronavirus in a Patient Who Was Contagious for 49 Days! -Science Times April 3: At least 8 strains of the coronavirus have been identified -The Hill April 8: Studies Show N.Y. Outbreak Originated in Europe -New York Times April 9: How America was hit with COVID-19 from two continents: Majority of cases in US epicenter New York came from Europe - but a DIFFERENT strain spread from China to the West Coast, genome studies reveal -Daily Mail April 10: Coronavirus mutated into three distinct strains as it spread across the world -Metro April 10: There are THREE distinct strains of the novel coronavirus in the world and while China's epidemic was driven by an early mutation that quickly spread in the UK, the US is suffering from an original variation -Daily Mail April 10: Experts fear coronavirus vaccine may only provide "short-term" immunity from virus. Other coronaviruses like SARS did not confer long-term immunity on their victims — and that’s worrisome -Salon April 11: How genetic scientists have traced the coronavirus pandemic’s journey across the world. Cambridge University researchers have found a variant of the virus that initially infected Britain was not found in mainland China -The Telegraph April 11: No proof that COVID-19 originated in Wuhan -CGTN “Peter Forster, a geneticist at the University of Cambridge, has identified three distinct strains of COVID-19. Forster and his team traced the origins of the epidemic by analyzing 160 genomes from human patients and found thatthe strain in Wuhan mutated from an earlier version.” April 12: Coronavirus that causes Covid-19 can produce more than three times as many pathogens than Sars strain, HKU study reveals -South China Morning Post “Dr Chu Hin of HKU says Sars-CoV-2 can replicate 100 times within 48 hours, while the Sars virus replicated about 10 to 20 times at its peak.” April 13: Who Is Immune to the Coronavirus? About this question, too, decisions with great consequences are being made, as they must be, based on only glimmers of data. -New York Times “South Korea’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently reported that 91 patients who had been infected with SARS-CoV-2 and then tested negative for the virus later tested positive again. If some of these cases were indeed reinfections, they would cast doubt on the strength of the immunity the patients had developed.” It’s mutating. There are between three to eight different confirmed strains so far, depending on who you ask. There may be no immunity and you might catch it again. And again, and again... That doesn’t sound good. And then there’s this: March 24: Iceland scientists found 40 mutations of the coronavirus, report says -New York Post Grrreat. Anyway, here are today’s headlines: Navy sailor assigned to USS Theodore Roosevelt dies after contracting coronavirus. At least 550 crew members who were aboard the USS Theodore Roosevelt tested positive for COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus. -NBC News A North Carolina prison complex has 60 inmates and 23 staff members with coronavirus -CNN Police officer's hand chopped off with sword while enforcing coronavirus lockdown measures -Newsweek Meat plants are closing. But you don't have to panic shop just yet -CNN The real reason grocery shelves are empty: As Americans line up by the thousands at food banks, farmers are dumping gallons of milk and smashing eggs. Wall Street Journal reporter Jesse Newman explains why America's food supply chain isn't built for the coronavirus era. -MSNBC ‘Absolute Clusterfuck’: Inside the Denial and Dysfunction of Trump’s Coronavirus Task Force. Missed warnings, conflicting messages, and broken promises — how the White House fumbled its response to the worst pandemic in a century -Rolling Stone The American Patient: How Trump Is Fueling a Corona Disaster. Donald Trump’s disastrous crisis management has made the United States the new epicenter of the global coronavirus pandemic. The country is facing an unprecedented economic crash. Are we witnessing the implosion of a superpower? -Spiegel Dr. Fauci is still the most trusted leader in America on the coronavirus, while Trump and Jared Kushner are in last place -Business Insider Fauci at center of conservative storm -The Hill Trump retweets call to fire Fauci amid coronavirus criticism -CNN 'Seriously. Enough:' Chris Wallace's Fox News colleagues defend him after Trump attack -USA Today Trump Turns His Coronavirus Briefing Into A Full-On Propaganda Campaign. The president had a meltdown attempting to rewrite history after accurate reports that he was slow to respond to the pandemic despite early warnings. -Huffington Post Coronavirus: Trump insists his ‘authority is total’ in wild White House briefing. ‘This is insanity and extremely dangerous,’ former Obama ethics chief says of president’s claims -The Independent NY Gov. Andrew Cuomo responds to Trump's claim of absolute authority: "We don't have a king" -Newsweek 'We've got to make Trump a one-term president': Bernie Sanders endorses Joe Biden in US election -The Independent George Stephanopoulos tests positive for coronavirus two weeks after wife Ali Wentworth -Page Six North Carolina woman gets coronavirus despite staying home for three weeks -New York Post US woman who caught coronavirus despite self-isolating for three weeks believes it was passed to her when she collected a bag of groceries left on her doorstep -Daily Mail Man, it’s crazy how contagious this shit is. Coronavirus death toll continues to climb as New York hospitalizations stabilize -CBS News New Jersey governor says reopening economy too soon "could be throwing gasoline on the fire" -Face the Nation South Dakota launches clinical trial of hydroxychloroquine -The Hill Hospital matron photographed with Boris Johnson dies from coronavirus -New York Post South Korea reports more recovered coronavirus patients testing positive again -Reuters WHO officials say it’s unclear whether recovered coronavirus patients are immune to second infection -CNBC Russia's coronavirus cases expected to soar -ABC News Ukraine: wildfires draw dangerously close to Chernobyl site. Witnesses accuse government of covering up severity of blaze near site of nuclear disaster -The Guardian Second wave of locusts in east Africa said to be 20 times worse. UN warns of ‘alarming and unprecedented threat’ to food security and livelihoods in the region -The Guardian
2020.04.05 17:58 HandsLikeLukeA detailed look at the original home rink of every NHL franchise
So I've always been fascinated by old barns, and decided to take a look at the original home rink of every NHL team. I included exterior shots if it's now demolished as well. I may have made some mistakes here and there, so obviously feel free to correct me if so. And I didn't include Vegas, since there's not much history there yet lol. Enjoy!
First rink: Honda Center (AKA Anaheim Arena, Pond of Anaheim, Arrowhead Pond of Anaheim) Built in: 1993 Interior View Years the team played there: 1993-present Current status: Still Standing. And the Ducks still play there. Current Google Street View
First rink: Talking Stick Resort Arena (AKA America West Arena, US Airways Arena) Built in: 1992 Interior View Years the team played there: 1996-2003 Current status: Still standing, and home to the Phoenix Suns of the NBA Google Street View as of March 2019
First rink: Matthews Arena (AKA Boston Arena) Built in: 1910 Interior View Years the team played there: 1924-1928 Current status: Still standing. Purchased by Northeastern University (whose hockey team had been using it as their home rink since 1930) and is still the home rink to the Northeastern University Huskies ice hockey team. Google Street View as of September 2018
First rink: Detroit Olympia* (AKA Olympia Stadium) Built in: 1927 Exterior view Interior View Years the team played there: 1927-1979 Current status: Demolished in 1987. Currently, the Michigan National Guard's Olympia Armory occupies the site. Google Street View as of August 2019 *NOTE: Detroit actually played it’s first season at Border Cities Arena in Windsor, Ontario, but that would’ve been boring so I made an exception here for the Wings on this list.
First rink: Northlands Coliseum (AKA Edmonton Coliseum, Skyreach Centre, Rexall Place) Built in: 1974 Interior View Years the team played there: 1974-2016 Current status: Still standing, but future plans for the building are yet to be decided. Google Street View as of June 2019
First rink: The Forum* (AKA The Forum Presented by Chase, Great Western Forum, “Fabulous Forum”, “L.A. Forum”) Built in: 1967 Interior View Years the team played there: 1967-1999 Current status: Still standing. Underwent massive renovations starting in 2012 and is now slated to host events during the 2028 Summer Olympics. Google Street View as of February 2019 *Note: The Kings actually played the first half of their inaugural season at Long Beach Arena, but that place is boring compared to the Fabulous Forum so I made another exception.
First rink: Bridgestone Arena (AKA Nashville Arena, Gaylord Entertainment Center, Sommet Center) Built in: 1996 Interior View Years the team played there: 1998-present Current status: Still standing. The Predators still play there. Google Street View as of July 2019
New Jersey Devils
First rink: Meadowlands Arena (AKA Brendan Byrne Arena, Continental Airlines Arena, IZOD Center) Built in: 1981 Interior View Years the team played there: 1982-2007 Current status: Still standing. Since closing, the vacant arena is used as a rehearsal venue for large-scale touring concert productions as well as a sound stage for video and television productions. Since 2018, NBC has leased the venue to film prime-time drama series, including The Enemy Within and Lincoln Rhyme: Hunt for the Bone Collector. Google Street View as of September 2019
First rink: Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum (AKA Nassau Coliseum, The Coliseum, NYCB Live: Home of the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum) Built in: 1972 Interior Years the team played there: 1972-2015 full time. 2018-present part time. Current status: After renovations, Islanders still play some games there, and it was announced that all 2020-21 home Islanders games would be played there Google Street View as of October 2018
First rink: The Spectrum (AKA CoreStates Spectrum, First Union Spectrum, Wachovia Spectrum) Built in: 1967 Exterior View Interior view Years the team played there: 1967-1996 Current status: Demolished in 2011. A parking lot next to Wells Fargo Center now stands on the site. Google Street View as of July 2014
First rink: St. Louis Arena (AKA Checkerdome) Built in: 1929 Exterior view Interior View Years the team played there: 1967-1994 Current status: Demolished in 1999. A mixed use development site known as The Highlands now occupies the site, home to apartment buildings, hotels, office buildings. Google Street View as of April 2019
San Jose Sharks
First rink: Cow Palace (AKA California State Livestock Pavilion) Built in: 1941 Interior View Years the team played there: 1991-1993 Current status: Still standing. No permanent sports tenants, but mainly used for events and conferences. Google Street View as of March 2019
Tampa Bay Lightning
First rink: Expo Hall Built in: 1977 Interior View Years the team played there: 1992-1993 Current status: Still standing. No permanent sports tenants, but mainly used as an exhibition hall during the Florida State Fair. Google Street View as of May 2018
Toronto Maple Leafs
First rink: Arena Gardens (AKA Mutual Street Arena) Built in: 1912 Exterior View Interior View Years the team played there: 1917-1931 Current status: Demolished in 1989. The site was converted into a residential development with some of the site reserved for a city park. Google Street View as of June 2019
First rink: Pacific Coliseum (AKA The Coliseum, Rink on Renfrow) Built in: 1968 Interior View Years the team played there: 1970-1995 Current status: Still standing. No permanent sports tenants, but it was the venue for figure skating and short track speed skating at the 2010 Winter Olympics. Google Street View as of August 2019
First rink: Capital Centre (AKA USAir Arena, US Airways Arena) Built in: 1973 Exterior View Interior View Years the team played there: 1974-1997 Current status: Demolished in 2002. Home to a shopping center known as The Boulevard at the Capital Centre from 2003 until that was demolished in 2019 to make room for Carillon, a new lifestyle-oriented mixed-use development project. Google Street View as of May 2019
First rink: XL Center (AKA Hartford Civic Center) Built in: 1975 Interior View Years the team played there: 1980–1997 Current status: Still standing. Current home to the Hartford Wolf Pack of the AHL and the University of Connecticut Huskies men’s ice hockey, and men’s and women’s basketball teams. Google Street View as of June 2019
Kansas City Scouts (1974-1976)
First rink: Kemper Arena (AKA Hy-Vee Arena) Built in: 1974 Interior View Years the team played there: 1974-1976 Current status: Still standing. Went through a massive renovation and conversion in 2018 to a youth sports facility. The renovated arena features 12 mixed-use hardwood basketball courts and a 350-meter indoor running track. Google Image View as of April 2019
Minnesota North Stars (1967-1996)
First rink: Met Center (Metropolitan Sports Center) Built in: 1967 Exterior View Interior View Years the team played there: 1967-1993 Current status: Demolished in 1994. For several years after the arena was demolished, the property served as an overflow lot for the Mall of America. In 2004, an IKEA store opened on the west end of the property, and the new American Boulevard was rerouted through the east end of the property. The remainder of the site is planned long-term to become the site of Mall of America Phase II, of which the IKEA would be an anchor store. Google Street View as of July 2017
Montreal Maroons (1924-1938)
First rink: Montreal Forum Built in: 1924 Exterior view Interior View Years the team played there: 1924-1938 Current status: Today most of the Forum building is now a multiplex cinema known as Entertainment as Cineplex Cinemas Forum. The Montreal Canadiens also played here from 1926-1996. Google Street View as of August 2019
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